Marianne Mele Hall resigned from the Copyright Royalty Tribunal last year after an outcry over her role in editing a book that said blacks "insist on preserving their jungle freedoms" and stay on welfare to enjoy "leisure time and subsidized procreation."
Eileen Marie Gardner resigned as a special assistant at the Education Department last year after an uproar over her published remarks that handicapped people had "selfishly drained resources from the normal school population" and that efforts to help the disabled were "misguided."
William Bradford Reynolds, assistant attorney general for civil rights, was rejected by a Senate committee last year for promotion to the Justice Department's No. 3 job. Several senators accused him of misleading the committee in testimony about civil rights cases that was contradicted by other witnesses; Reynolds said the errors were inadvertent. Senators also criticized Reynolds for failing to aggressively enforce civil rights laws.
James G. Watt, interior secretary, used a National Park Service fund to finance two private Christmas parties at Arlington Cemetery's Custis-Lee Mansion. After a series of controversial comments, Watt resigned in 1983 during an uproar over his remark that he had an advisory panel with "a black . . . , a woman, two Jews and a cripple."
Ernest Lefever withdrew as a nominee for assistant secretary of state for human rights in 1981 after a Senate committee rejected him. The panel heard testimony that Lefever's conservative foundation had distributed material promoting infant formula to Third World mothers after receiving a $25,000 donation from Nestle, a major infant-formula maker. The major reason for Lefever's defeat was controversy over his commitment to human rights.
Henry Y. Chavira withdrew as a nominee to the Legal Services Corp. in 1983 after disclosures that he had been arrested on a larceny charge and that his ex-wife was pursuing him for delinquent child-support payments.
E. Donald Shapiro withdrew as a nominee to the Legal Services Corp. in 1983 after reports that he had been investigated for allegations of improperly enriching himself as dean of a New York law school. The investigation was later dropped.
William M. Bell withdrew his nomination as chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 1982 after disclosures that his one-man Detroit recruitment firm was not listed in the phone book and that he had not placed anyone in a job in the previous year.
Rev. B. Sam Hart withdrew his nomination to the Commission on Civil Rights after reports that he owed back taxes and rent in connection with his Philadelphia radio station.
William E. McCann was announced as the nominee for ambassador to Ireland, but his name was withdrawn in 1981 after reports that his company was under investigation by New York authorities for selling insurance without a license, and allegations that McCann had business ties to a convicted swindler. McCann said the allegations were unfounded.
Warren Richardson withdrew as a nominee for assistant secretary of health and human services in 1981 after disclosures that he had been a lobbyist for the Liberty Lobby, which some critics have called a racist organization.
Thomas F. Ellis withdrew as a nominee to the Board for International Broadcasting after some senators criticized his association with The Pioneer Fund, which has financed research that attempted to show that blacks are genetically less intelligent than whites.
James L. Malone, a protege of Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), this month became the first ambassadorial nominee ever rejected by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee when he was turned down as the envoy to Belize. Senators charged that Malone had lied to the committee and violated a pledge that, while serving as an assistant secretary of state, he would not deal with Japan, West Germany and Taiwan, where he had previously represented utilities and other clients.