This is a summary of recent congressional actions not reported elsewhere in The Post. SENATE China Sale

The Foreign Relations Committee failed, 14 to 1, to back a resolution of disapproval on the sale of $550 million worth of aircraft computer, radar and navigation equipment to the People's Republic of China. The resolution was sponsored by Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), who was worried that the sale would affect the security of Taiwan. The panel approved a letter to President Reagan saying that future arms sales to China should be made only if they do not increase the threat to Taiwan. (SJRes.331/ May 1) HOUSE Social Programs

The House approved, 377 to 33, a four-year reauthorization of Head Start, Follow Through, Dependent Care, Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) and Community Services and Nutrition Programs. The measure authorizes $390 million in fiscal 1987 for CSBG, about $25 million less than the fiscal 1986 authorization. For the remaining programs, the bill authorizes such sums as may be necessary. (HR4421/ April 29) Indian Sex Offenses

The House approved, by voice vote, a measure permitting the federal government to bring felony charges against Indians who sexually molest Indian minors. Under current law, the federal government can prosecute an Indian for committing a serious offense against another Indian on an Indian reservation only if the offense is listed in the Federal Major Crimes Act. The measure offers tribal courts concurrent jurisdiction over such offenses. (HR3826/ April 28) Patrick Henry Memorial

The House approved by voice vote a resolution designating Patrick Henry's last home and burial place in Charlotte County, Va., as a national memorial. Under the terms of the resolution, ownership of the memorial would remain in nonfederal hands, and operation and maintenance costs would be paid with nonfederal funds. (SJRes.187/ April 28) Indian Health

The House failed, 263 to 141, to gain the necessary two-thirds votes to approve a measure authorizing through fiscal 1989 the Indian Health Care Improvement Act for health personnel training and health services. The measure, designed to raise the health standards of American Indians and Alaska natives to a level comparable to that of the general U.S. population, would authorize a total of $99.1 million for the three-year period. The measure would authorize funding for the training of Indian health professionals, a health care improvement fund, a catastrophic health emergency fund and urban health services. (HR4600/ April 29)