One of the longest chronicles of wealth, ambition and influence in contemporary Washington was distributed yesterday -- the 1,370- page U.S. Senate Public Financial Disclosure Report. The report recounts which senators made what and how in 1985.
It is an epic tale of 97 senators -- three others, Lawton Chiles (D-Fla.), Jeff Bingaman (D-N.M.) and Malcolm Wallop (R-Wyo.), received extensions -- that was written by anonymous accountants and staffers.
Large sums paid for short speeches, fabulous trips to faraway lands and exotic gifts from generous friends are detailed, as required by Senate Rule 34 and the 1978 Ethics in Government Act.
The wit and wisdom of the Senate was worth $2,375,000 in honoraria payments last year.
Because senators may keep only $22,530 each in honoraria (members of the leadership can accept $25,500), $723,038 was donated to charity.
The average senator received $24,494. But only 13 got $40,000 or more, according to a study by Common Cause.
This elite group includes Majority Leader Robert J. Dole (R-Kan.), five committee chairmen and seven members of the Senate Finance Committee.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.), who according to a political associate has a policy of not accepting such money, received $501 for articles and a television appearance. He gave $176 of this to charity.
Other than the 10 senators who accepted no honoraria, Kennedy's was the lowest entry in the ledgers.
Sen. Donald W. Riegle Jr. (D-Mich.) gave some of his honoraria money to Winnie Mandela, the black South African leader against the apartheid regime. He also gave to the Solidarity trade union movement, which opposes the Polish regime.
Sen. Richard G. Lugar (R-Ind.) contributed to Up With People and the Salvation Army. Other favorite charities included hospitals and the Boy Scouts.
Trade associations and corporations were the biggest movers in the honoraria market. The Tobacco Institute, Outdoor Advertising and the American Pork Congress figure prominently in the records.
There is money from ideological institutions, too. Sen. William L. Armstrong (R-Colo.) received $1,000 from Liberty University, the Rev. Jerry Falwell's citadel, and $500 from Concerned Women of America, a New Right group.
Sen. Bill Bradley (D-N.J.) reported that he was paid $1,000 by columnists Roland Evans and Robert Novak for a speech to gathered recipients of their newsletter, the Evans-Novak Political Report. Bradley also reported the cost of air travel between Bermuda, where the speech was delivered, and Atlanta. Sen. Robert W. Kasten Jr. (R-Wis.) received $500 from the Evans-Novak Political Report.
Globetrotting Sen. William V. Roth Jr. (R-Del.) traveled from Japan (courtesy of the Japan Society) to Spain (courtesy, Liberal Party). He also received from the Tax Executives Institute an all-expenses paid two-day trip to Las Vegas.
The family of Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) logged the most vacation time, with the senator listing, under "Gifts of Transportation, Lodging, Food or Entertainment," trips by plane to Virginia Beach, Columbia, S.C., and Atlanta, among other places, and stays in Kiawah Island, S.C., Isle of Palms, S.C., and Miami Beach. Nancy Thurmond, the senator's wife, also stayed for a week gratis at the pricey Golden Door spa in Escondido, Calif.
The literary prize, for the most money earned from articles and books, goes to Sen. Gary Hart (D-Colo.), who received $67,869. Second place is held by Sen. Spark M. Matsunaga (D-Hawaii), who collected $7,922 in book royalties. Third was Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-N.Y.), who got $7,004.52.
The music award goes to Sen. Robert C. Byrd (D-W.Va.), who received $124 in royalties for a recording on which he plays the fiddle, country-style.
Baseball fan of the year is Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-Kan.), who received World Series tickets from Timmons and Co., a Washington lobbying firm.
Sen. Phil Gramm (R-Tex.) got a handmade .45-cal. pistol and a 12-gauge Remington shotgun. He also received a barbecue grill and a bronze elephant.
Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah) sent his regrets to the Pritikin Longevity Center of Santa Monica, Calif., that he couldn't come to study "diet and nutrition." But he did send his wife, Elaine, "in my stead as a furtherance of my interest in nutrition and health." He estimated that the value of the experience "could be as high as $4,000."
In another item of spousal interest, Dole reported that his wife, Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Hanford Dole, accepted "lodging" for four days in Honolulu from Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, author of "The Power of Positive Thinking."
Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), Agriculture Committee chairman, appears to have won the supermarket sweepstakes. The National Turkey Federation gave him $2,000; the Sugarbeet Growers, $1,000; General Foods, $2,000; National Pork Producers, $2,000; Frozen Foods Institute, $1,000; the Wine Institute, $2,000; and the Bakers Association, $2,000. He also got a round trip from Washington to Indianapolis from the American Pork Congress.
Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) wins the Senate golfing open. From CBS Sports came a $100 Masters Golf Tournament gift package that included a shirt, sweater and book. That could go with the $100 gold shirt and sweater he received from the Georgia Pacific Atlanta Classic Golf Tournament; the $240 framed print, golf shirt and sweater from the Thomson-McDuffie County Chamber of Commerce; and the $296 in golfing equipment and clothing -- and black and white television -- from the Kemper Open Pro-Am.
The sartorial category can be claimed by Sen. Mack Mattingly (R-Ga.), who reported a $15 gift of underwear.