From remarks by Paul Warnke, former director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency under President Carter, at a press briefing May 29 sponsored by the Arms Control Association and the Committee for National Security:
I don't think there is any plausible argument that the Soviet Union has violated the core elements of SALT II. That fact has been attested to by our own commissioner of the Standing Consultative Commission, Gen. Richard Ellis. It has also been stated in testimony by Gen. Chain, former director of the Politico-Military Bureau at the State Department. What we are talking about now is the gutting by the United States of the central provisions of SALT II -- the numerical limitations. The latest Joint Chiefs' posture statement set forth what they know to be the Soviet force structure, and it indicates that the Soviets are abiding by those limits.
There are legitimate questions about some of the more tangential aspects of the SALT II agreement, for example with regard to the SS-25. The Soviet Union maintains that this single-warhead mobile ICBM is not a new missile but rather an improvement, a modernization of the SS-13. This is a debatable point. . . .
The other legitimate compliance question related to SALT II is whether there is excessive encryption of telemetry, which unfortunately is not a terribly clear provision in the treaty. . . .
But as far as the central elements of SALT II, the numerical limits, are concerned, these limits are very much in the security interests of the United States, and there is absolutely no question that the Soviets have complied with these core provisions.