HAVANA, JULY 26 -- Cuba's intensely publicized charges of CIA spying here have created a new category of revolutionary hero -- the double agent.
Cuban national television last week launched a series on alleged activities of the U.S. interest section here with film of supposedly clandestine drops of bulk packages said to contain radio equipment and currency.
In the succeeding five parts, however, any new evidence against the CIA has consisted solely of testimony by Cubans identified as having duped the agency into thinking that they were willing to subvert their country for the Yankee dollar.
President Fidel Castro, speaking tonight on the 34th anniversary of the start of his revolution, did not mention the CIA issue. He denounced as "repugnant calumnies" statements by defected Air Force Gen. Ramon del Pino Diaz that have been beamed here by U.S. Radio Marti. The broadcasts are believed to be a factor in Cuba's launching of the anti-CIA campaign. Otherwise, Castro devoted his 135-minute speech to domestic issues.
In one of last week's revelations by alleged double agents, ship captain Antonio Garcia Urquiola said the CIA paid him $120,000 for part-time spy work since 1978.
Garcia explained that his salary for subversion was $1,500 monthly of late. But he failed to collect since the money was deposited in banks abroad.
The ship captain's account paralleled those divulged by several alleged double agents in the series -- which is known among several members of the diplomatic corps here as "the tele-novel," or soap opera.
Garcia said he joined Cuba's "security forces," meaning secret police, in 1966 and was trained to infiltrate foreign spy networks that might recruit him as he made his way from port to port.
After 12 years, Garcia said, the CIA took him on -- and he took it in. As have other alleged double agents, he said he was subjected often to lie detector tests, which he passed easily with the training he had received.
Garcia described dealing with a case officer in Panama named Roberto.
Granma, the official daily newspaper of the Communist Party, put it this way in an account headlined, "Our Man in the CIA": "Roberto had retired from the CIA, but after Ronald Reagan's election victory he was recalled with other former officers to revive certain plans against Cuba." Garcia went on:
"Roberto was very careful about everything. He checked everything I did. He'd monitor my calls to headquarters and how I made them. He checked the hotels where he stayed and where we met . . . whether there were several entrances and exits, whether I was being followed. He spoke Spanish well.
"I would sometimes call him at a number assigned to me in the Virginia headquarters where a woman, always the same one, would answer and put me through to him."
More recently, with Garcia based in Cuba, he said he was told to buy a speedboat. He also suggested that he was told to do some footwork for the U.S. Radio Marti broadcasts. Cuba's press avoids publicizing Radio Marti by using its name. Garcia offered this account:
The case officer "asked about the reaction of the people to the rectification process" -- a crackdown on lax economic practices and corruption. "They think this process will increase the problems in Cuba and are organizing campaigns around this. It's what Washington calls providing the Cuban people with information."
The account by Garcia culminated with a rerun of one of the film clips that show suspicious activities of interest section officials.
Garcia said a drop shown being carried out by second secretary Duane Evans contained funds for the speedboat. Evans left Havana early last week. Garcia said his instruction for a pickup of the funds was transmitted from CIA headquarters. Granma noted, "Cuban agents in Havana are never contacted personally by officers from the interest section."
Other supposed double agents, now celebrities on Cuban television, include:
Ignacio Rodriguez-Mena Castrillon, 52, who trains pilots for Cuba's civil aviation and was identified as also having worked within the CIA for 21 years.
Engineer Orlando Argudin, who said that in the 1970s a CIA officer affirmed introduction by the agency of diseases in Cuba affecting people and animals. The United States has denied this recurrent charge.
Angel Lopez Nunez, who alleged more recent efforts to wage agricultural warfare and who speculated that he was recruited because of his "character," described by Granma as "quiet, modest, one of those men whose humble appearance obscures his true qualities."
In several instances, the television interviewers described neighbors' spontaneous celebrations of the unmasking of the double agents. Neighbors said they had been puzzled, until now, by the agents' disinclination to take part in voluntary labor frequently organized in the country, but now all was forgiven.
The television also offered demonstrations of exotic paraphernalia allegedly provided the agents by the CIA, from hollowed-out teddy bears and photo albums padded with $100 bills to fake rocks with secret compartments and hi-tech radio transmitters.
For the most part the money was alleged to have been carried into Cuba by double agents who traveled abroad -- and who promptly turned the funds over to the state.
One agent showed how dollars were layered inside a wall clock that easily passed through customs. It took a long time to figure out how to extract the dollars, he said, handling the clock fondly and noting that "it still runs."
Speculation continues on why Cuba chose to expose its alleged infiltration of U.S. intelligence efforts here. Non-U.S. diplomats here have cited a report that a second Cuban defected, this one in Czechoslovakia, and that he had blown the covers of the double agents. The diplomats said the U.S. interest section was the source of the report, but U.S. officials here would not confirm the report or their role in it.