When Alejandra Munoz, 21, was brought to California two years ago from her village near Mazatlan, Mexico, she thought it was to lend use of her womb to her second cousin for two or three weeks.

"She was told that she would be artificially inseminated and that, after two or three weeks, the embryo would be flushed out of her and transferred to the womb of the man's wife. She was familiar with the concept . . . the procedure was used on cows on farms near her home," author Gena Corea told reporters at a news conference yesterday.

The gathering was called to announce an organization that will advocate abolition of surrogate motherhood in the United States.

Munoz, who has a second-grade education, was forced to carry the baby to term.

Her case was one of many cited yesterday to illustrate what Corea called the "increasing industrialization of reproduction" as she announced formation of the National Coalition Against Surrogacy in the United States.

Mary Beth Whitehead -- who tried to keep "Baby M," whom she bore under contract -- told reporters tearfully that surrogate motherhood must be outlawed.

Whitehead bore a child under contract to a New York man and his wife. She lost custody in a controversial New Jersey court decision last spring. "The only crime we committed was loving our babies too much," she said.

Munoz, speaking through an interpreter, told reporters that she rejected an offer of $1,500 to give up the baby and won nominal joint custody of her daughter. But Corea said that "the child lives with the father" near San Diego and that Munoz has little more than visitation privileges. "There are constant fears that she will eventually be deported as an illegal alien," Corea said.

The coalition, put together by a nonprofit group called the Foundation on Economic Trends, said it will establish a national legal network to support women who decide not to give up their babies after agreeing to become surrogate mothers.

The group also plans to back legislation at the state and local levels to ban surrogacy contracts.

Corea also cited a South African woman implanted with her daughter's ova fertilized with her son-in-law's sperm. The woman is bearing her own grandchildren.

And she told of a Detroit woman fertilized with sperm treated so she would give birth to a boy. "This is reproductive slavery," Corea said.

The announcement of organized opposition to surrogacy, a decade after the first test-tube baby was born, has support of feminists from seven countries, Corea said.

{The Associated Press reported that Harriet Blankfeld, executive director of the National Center for Surrogate Parenting, said Whitehead and the other women who called for an end to surrogacy offered a one-sided view.

{"You're not viewing the vast majority of surrogate mothers, who are quite content," said Blankfeld, whose agency matches surrogate mothers with couples who desire to have babies using a surrogate.}