Erika Hodge, petition of protest in hand, descended on her fellow students in the cafeteria of Alexandria's T.C. Williams High School. "There's this man named Bork and he's trying to get appointed to the Supreme Court," said the 16-year-old student.

"If it were up to him, we'd go back to what it was before Martin Luther King," she told her friends. Civil rights activists have said that the philosophy espoused by Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork puts him in opposition to their programs.

"Do {his supporters} know this or do they just like his ideas?" asked a puzzled Kanicka Hill, 14.

Hodge had little trouble getting signatures on the petition requesting Virginia's two senators to vote against Bork's confirmation. The petition was one of hundreds circulated in recent days by her church, Meade Memorial Episcopal in Alexandria.

In a last-minute grass-roots effort to influence the votes of Sens. John Warner and Paul Trible, both Republicans, the mainly black parish has sent letters to 50 churches in Alexandria and about 350 Episcopal churches throughout the state, asking them to gather signatures of protest against Bork's appointment, according to Meade's rector, the Rev. Jack Woodard.

In a cover letter to the other churches, Woodard wrote that the nomination of Bork, who is to be questioned by members of the Senate Judiciary Committee starting today, is a "social justice crisis." His appointment, Woodard wrote, could "seriously risk a rollback of many of the social advances of the last 30 years against racism and sexism."

"We are undertaking this mainly on the model of the civil rights movement," Woodard explained in an interview. "That began with a preacher, {and} the churches played a key role . . . . We're trying to stir up the churches on this Bork thing."

But some have taken exception to the strategy. The Rev. W. Graham Smith, pastor of Alexandria's Fairlington Presbyterian Church, said he called Woodard and "let him know in no uncertain terms I thought it was dirty pool . . . sending a letter like that.

"I didn't think it proper for any church to put pressure on another church," said Smith.

Smith said he could speak only for himself, but believes that "the great preponderance of theologically conservative churches would be very strongly in favor of Judge Bork's nomination."

Meade's lobbying effort appears to be an uphill battle. Trible has already decided to vote for Bork's confirmation, a spokesman said, while Warner, generally considered the more conservative of the two, is publicly noncomittal.

Both senators' offices report their mail and calls are running mostly in favor of confirming Bork, whom President Reagan has called "one of the preeminent legal scholars of our time" and a judge "widely acclaimed for his intellectual power and his fairness."

Woodard said he would not know how successful his church's campaign has been until the end of this week, when he expects to hear from those churches who have decided to participate. The majority of Meade's 150 parishoners signed the petition, he said.

Though most of the T.C. Williams students Hodge approached had not heard of Bork, only two of 27 students she approached on her lunch hour declined to sign.

Hodge, who helped other Meade church members stuff envelopes for their mass mailing last week, said she had taken her lobbying to school because "I don't want my friends to be unaware . . . . We're going to be voting soon."

Meade church member Tami Craven, 13, also helped with the mailing. When asked what she thought about Bork, Craven hesitated, apparently caught between her upbringing and her budding political awareness.

"My mommy always told me not to say I don't like anybody I don't know," she said after a pause. "But from what he's saying, you can't help not liking people like that."