The State Department disclosed yesterday it will begin next week requiring Soviet journalists working in this country to live in apartments selected by the U.S. government.

James E. Nolan Jr., director of the Office of Foreign Missions, said the State Department in the new restrictions is following "exactly the pattern which our correspondents have to face in the Soviet Union."

About 30 Soviet journalists work in Washington or New York. They were sent letters outlining the new rules, which take effect Tuesday.

Pravda, the Soviet government organ, and the journalists were given 10 days to register objections. Nolan said he had received none.

For more than a year, the State Department has selected and leased the apartments used by Soviet diplomats and other officials assigned to Washington and New York.

In "a sort of orderly progression," Nolan said, "the correspondents' turn has just come up."

He said Soviet journalists whose leases have not expired may stay where they are living. But once the lease expires, or if a new correspondent arrives, "the apartment will be leased by the department and sublet to the Soviets," he said.

Soviets in this country, including journalists, can live and travel freely only within 25 miles of Lafayette Park in Washington and 25 miles of Columbus Circle in New York. They must request State Department permission to travel further.