WARSAW, OCT. 10 -- Poles will be able to vote in a national referendum in November on whether the government should implement a "radical version" of consumer price increases that would triple already high inflation, government officials said today.

Prime Minister Zbigniew Messner presented a detailed plan to parliament today to reorganize the Polish economy, including steps to expand private enterprise, make state-owned enterprises autonomous from most central controls and raise Polish wages and prices to world market levels.

An initial package of legislation submitted to the parliament calls for the consolidation or abolition of 16 government ministries and the firing of between 3,000 and 3,500 of the 12,000 bureaucrats currently charged with central management of the economy. About 100 of 194 government officials at the level of vice minister or above also would lose their jobs.

Messner told the parliament that the new policies, the most ambitious attempted by the government of Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski since it suppressed the Solidarity free trade union in 1981, had been inspired in part by the initiatives of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. But government officials and economic experts said Warsaw's measures were far more radical than those adopted by the Soviet leadership earlier this year.

At the same time, officials conceded they were deeply concerned about public reaction to the package and especially to efforts to reform prices. Plans for price rises were not publicly detailed today, and tough measures needed to end subsidies and rationing for such key items as meat and gasoline appear to have been postponed already.

While asserting that Poles would suffer no fall in living standards, officials today said the public would have to accept "hardships" and "sacrifices" as huge state subsidies for goods were drastically cut back and controls on prices removed.

In a news conference, the reform's leading architect, Deputy Prime Minister Zdzislaw Sadowski, said that in a national referendum planned for Nov. 29, Poles would be able to vote on whether to carry out the radical restructuring of prices advocated by the government. If approved, he said, the plan could lead to an inflation rate of up to 57 percent next year, compared to a present rate reported by authorities to be 18 percent.

The parliament, called the Sejm, voted to authorize the referendum today. However, approval of the specific content of the resolution to be put to voters was postponed for another parliament session later this month.

Sadowski said the salaries of most Polish workers also would be raised drastically, compensating for most of the price rises. But he conceded that public reaction to the shift could be strong and might force abandonment of the plan.

"Should society refuse to agree with carrying out these guidelines, then the entire program of the second stage of reform would be fundamentally weakened and would have to be spread out over a much longer time," a government statement said.

The reform timetable submitted to parliament today outlines 130 policy steps that the government plans between this month and December of next year. If "consistently implemented," it promises, "the program should within three or four years lead the country fully out of the crisis aftermath {and} should eliminate the daily hardships of life caused by market shortages, inflation and faulty operation of various public services."

In addition to the cutback of the bureaucracy, measures planned before the end of this year include removing central controls on businesses organized as cooperatives, allowing citizens to buy bonds from state companies and improving incentives for foreign capital to invest in joint ventures with Polish firms.

Messner also said Poland hopes its new program will persuade the International Monetary Fund to grant the country a structural adjustment program in the coming months, including major new IMF and World Bank credits. Poland needs the fresh funds to manage the payment of its huge foreign debt, officials said.

According to the timetable, reforms next year would remove some of the controls on starting and maintaining private businesses, create a commercial banking system and introduce personal income taxes.