"Each Central American country, except those where the International Verification Commission determines it is not necessary, will issue an amnesty decree to guarantee the right to life and liberty and the protection of all goods of those to whom the decree applies. Simultaneously, the irregular forces of each country will free all their captives."

NICARAGUA: Freed about two dozen Central American political prisoners Sept. 12. Invited contra rebels to lay down their arms under an amnesty in effect since Dec. 1983. Promised a new amnesty law liberating some of an estimated 4,000 to 5,000 political prisoners. But a Sandinista party statement Oct. 29 said there will be no full amnesty until the United States halts contra aid. The contras freed 80 prisoners Sept. 18.

HONDURAS: At peace, says does not apply.

EL SALVADOR: Law approved Oct. 27 and effective today will free all leftist political prisoners, about 500. The law exempts from prosecution most military men accused of killings. Guerrillas freed one prisoner.

GUATEMALA: Law effective today provides 180-day period for anyone implicated in "subversion" to turn themselves in and accept amnesty. No political prisoners, but many unexplained disappearances.

COSTA RICA: At peace, does not apply.


"The governments of states where irregular or insurgent groups operate commit themselves to take all necessary actions to reach an effective cease-fire within a constitutional framework."

NICARAGUA: Starting Oct. 7 opened four small cease-fire zones and invited contra field commanders to meet with peace commission representatives to accept amnesty. Has refused to talk with top contra leaders.

HONDURAS: At peace, does not apply.

EL SALVADOR: Talks between government and leftist guerrillas resumed Oct. 4 after two-year hiatus, then collapsed Oct. 29 after death-squad slaying of leftist human rights activist Herbert Anaya. Government will attempt a unilateral cease-fire, which rebels reject.

GUATEMALA: Talks held in Madrid Oct. 7, the first between government and guerrillas since a leftist insurgency began in the early 1960s, produced few results.

COSTA RICA: At peace, does not apply.


"In cases where there are deep social divisions, governments will take measures of national reconciliation to permit popular participation in authentic democratic processes . . . . They will initiate dialogues with unarmed internal political opposition groups and those who have accepted amnesty."

NICARAGUA: Appointed its most powerful critic, Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, to head a four-man National Reconciliation Commission. Renewed dialogue Oct. 5 with opposition political parties. Rejects talks with top contra leaders; seeks bilateral negotiations with the United States.

HONDURAS: Named a National Reconciliation Commission.

EL SALVADOR: Named a National Reconciliation Commission now crippled by resignation Oct. 28 of leftist member Mario Reni Roldan over Anaya murder. No dialogue between government and rightist opposition parties.

GUATEMALA: Named a National Reconciliation Commission.

COSTA RICA: At peace. Named a National Reconciliation Commission.


"There must be complete freedom of the press . . . . Total political pluralism must be in evidence . . . . The governments which have states of siege or emergency must revoke them."

NICARAGUA: Allowed the opposition daily La Prensa and the Catholic Radio to reopen. Lifted prior censorship. Allowed two expelled priests to return. Granted permits for street rallies, but Sandinista sympathizers attacked opposition marches and some arrests were made. Sandinista party says no end to state of emergency until U.S. ends contra aid.

HONDURAS: At peace, says does not apply.

EL SALVADOR: Rebel views tolerated in press. State of emergency lapsed in early 1987.

GUATEMALA: Says does not apply.

COSTA RICA: Peaceful democracy, says does not apply.


"The five Central American governments will ask governments in and outside the region which openly or secretly provide military, logistical, financial or propaganda aid . . . to irregular forces to cease that aid . . . . The five governments reiterate their commitment to prevent the use of their own soil . . . by groups that seek to destabilize the Central American governments."

NICARAGUA: Has taken no public measures to cut ties with Salvadoran or Guatemalan guerrillas. Has said will not completely comply until United States ends aid to contras.

HONDURAS: Has taken no public measures to cut ties with contras or expel their extensive military operations. Says will not comply until there is democracy in Nicaragua.

EL SALVADOR: Will release its own formal call for an end to aid today. Claims it never aided contras so this clause does not apply.

GUATEMALA: Neutral. Will call for an end to aid.

COSTA RICA: Expelled contra military operations in 1986. Will call for an end to aid.