Because of an editing error in an article yesterday on House approval of an omnibus spending bill, the amount of discretionary spending cuts in the deficit-reduction agreement was incorrect. It should have been $7.6 billion. (Published 12/5/87)

The House approved a $587 billion catchall spending bill last night that represents the first step in congressional efforts to comply with a $76 billion deficit-reduction accord with the Reagan administration.

But the measure, adopted on a 248-to-170 vote, contains a number of provisions that administration officials say are so objectionable that they could trigger a presidential veto. Twenty-three Republicans joined 225 Democrats in voting for the bill, and 21 Democrats opposed it.

The Reagan administration has criticized the measure's failure to provide additional aid to the Nicaraguan contras, the inclusion of an amendment writing into law the fairness doctrine requiring broadcasters to deal with all sides of controversial issues, and dozens of restrictions on spending by the executive branch.

In other action in both houses, Congress apparently cleared the way for approval of a $4 billion aid program for Pakistan despite Pakistani refusal to satisfy U.S. concerns about its nuclear weapons program. {Details, Page A24.}

Though the omnibus spending bill does not specifically include the $76 billion in discretionary spending cuts called for by the deficit-reduction agreement, it does set broad spending ceilings that conform to the accord. The itemized spending cuts needed to meet the terms of the Nov. 20 agreement between Reagan and congressional leaders will be written into the measure after it is passed by the Senate and goes to a conference committee between the two houses.

To comply in spirit with the budget agreement that promises a $30.2 billion reduction in the deficit this year and a $46 billion cut next year, the omnibus spending bill mandates a $5 billion reduction in military expenditures and a $2.6 billion cut in domestic discretionary programs, such as education and law enforcement.

The second measure needed to implement the deficit-reduction accord, which will include $9 billion in tax increases and further savings in permanent federal programs such as Medicare, is scheduled for floor action in the Senate next week. That bill will then go to a conference committee with the House. {Details, Page A9.}

In passing the mammoth spending bill, which funds most government operations through next October, the House added a number of extraneous provisions, some of which the Reagan administration has said could bring a veto of the measure.

Among them was an amendment enacting into law the fairness doctrine under which broadcasters for almost 40 years were required to air competing views on controversial issues. Earlier this year, Reagan vetoed separate legislation enacting the broadcasting standard, and the administration has vowed to veto the spending bill if the doctrine is included. A Senate committee also took action yesterday to add a version of the fairness standard to its deficit-reduction legislation.

Reagan has also vowed to veto the spending measure if it does not include further nonlethal aid to the Nicaraguan contras. As passed by the House, the bill does not contain further contra aid, and there is little indication any new assistance will be added by the Senate.

Other extraneous provisions added to the bill, known as a continuing resolution, include:An eight-month delay of federal financial sanctions against cities that do not meet clean air standards for two pollutants, ozone and carbon monoxide. Environmentalists scored a victory yesterday in defeating a longer delay until June 1989.

An amendment enacting into law the administration's current suspension of most aid to Haiti until that troubled nation makes good on a promise to hold free elections.

A ban on the use of federal funds on any public works project that employs Japanese construction services, a measure that proponents said was in retaliation for discrimination against U.S. construction companies by Japan.

The bill also includes several arms-control provisions objectionable to the administration, but those are to be stripped from the legislation once Reagan signs a defense authorization bill that includes compromise arms control language worked out between the administration and Congress.

Republicans, who unsuccessfully sought to send the spending bill back to committee with instructions to cut another $3.4 billion, belittled the measure as a half-hearted attempt to rein in the federal deficit. The GOP motion failed on a 220-to-198 vote.

House Minority Leader Robert H. Michel (R-Ill.) called the omnibus spending bill "one of those curious hybrids that the majority, in its role as a legislative Dr. Frankenstein, likes to create."

But House Majority Leader Thomas S. Foley (D-Wash.) made an impassioned defense of the bill, calling it "the first step that must be taken to implement the unusual, if not historic, agreement between the president and Congress to move against the deficit."

Contributing to the partisanship was a Democratic maneuver under which a procedural vote setting the terms for debate was constructed so that opponents could be portrayed as favoring a congressional pay raise. That came in retaliation for GOP campaign ads run in Democratic districts that lambasted Democrats who voted for an earlier tax bill that Republicans charged authorized a back-door pay increase.

The congressional salary increase -- along with raises for judges and senior federal executives -- was automatically stripped from the bill by the procedural vote, though other federal workers were authorized to receive a 3 percent salary increase.

As passed by the House, the measure also extends the amnesty for illegal aliens under last year's immigration bill so that ineligible children and spouses of aliens granted U.S. citizenship cannot be deported.

Staff writer Michael Weisskopf contributed to this report.