BORN: March 2, 1931, Privolnoye, near Stavropol, Soviet Caucasus.

PERSONAL: married to Raisa Maximovna Gorbacheva. One daughter, two grandchildren.

EDUCATION: Faculty of Law, Moscow State University, and Stavropol Agricultural Institute

PROFESSIONAL: Began work as a machine operator, 1946; joined Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), 1952; first secretary, Stavropol Komsomol City Committee, 1955-58; later deputy head, Department of Propaganda; second, then first secretary Komsomsol Territorial Committee; party organizer, Stavropol Territorial Production Board of Collective and State Farms, 1962-66; head of Department of Party Bodies of CPSU Territorial Committee, 1962-66; first secretary, Stavropol City Party Committee, 1966-68; second secretary, Stavropol Territorial CPSU Committee, 1968-70; first secretary, 1970-78; member of the CPSU Central Committee, 1971-present; secretary for agriculture, 1978-85; alternate member, Politburo, CPSU Central Committee, 1979-80; full member, Politburo, October 1980-present; general secretary, CPSU Central Committee, March 1985-present; member, Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R., 1970-present (chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee, 1984-present); member Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, 1979-present.

HONORS: Order of Lenin (three times), Orders of Red Banner of Labor, Badge of Honor and other medals.

SOURCE: International Who's Who