MOSCOW, DEC. 24 -- Two senior Communist Party officials gave downbeat year-end reports today on major aspects of party leader Mikhail Gorbachev's economic reform program.

Politburo member Viktor Nikonov acknowledged that there are not enough meat, potatoes, fruits, vegetables and dairy products to meet the demands of Soviet consumers.

In some regions, Nikonov said, the situation is getting worse instead of better.

Another assessment by Georgi Razumovsky, the party Central Committee's secretary in charge of organizational work, said that lower-level party bodies were poorly prepared for new methods of work that Gorbachev advocates.

Their views, published in the Communist Party newspaper, Pravda, indicated that the fate of perestroika, or economic restructuring, is still very much in doubt.

Other reports showed that controversy is raging over Gorbachev's plans to eliminate heavy state subsidies for rent, food and other basic items, which would raise living costs.

Nikonov, addressing the leaders of a newly formed state agricultural-industrial organization, said serious problems in food production remain.

Despite an overall increase of 10 percent in agricultural output this year, he said, "shortage of food still persists, and this causes serious, and justified, dissatisfaction by the people with the work of the agricultural conglomerate.

"On the whole, the practice shows that the situation in this field, instead of improving, actually worsened in some regions," he said.

Razumovsky, interviewed by Pravda, acknowledged acute problems in getting party leaders to change their authoritarian style and consult with rank-and-file party members before making decisions.

Razumovsky, widely regarded as the enforcer for the party Central Committee, indicated that widespread purges had taken place at the lower levels of leadership.

Annual reviews judged the work of a number of district party committees and of 2,600 lower-level party committees and bureaus to be unsatisfactory, he said.

About 200 party leaders have been dropped from city and district committees, Razumovsky said, as well as 13,000 leaders and 57,000 members of lower-level bodies.

There was no way to compare the magnitude of this purge with previous purges, however.

Soviet sources said it was the first time that such figures had been published in the national press.

In another ominous sign for Gorbachev's economic reform plan, Razumovsky said the change to self-financing and self-accounting for industrial enterprises was proving "very difficult." Many people have complained that they were not consulted about the coming changes in their work places, he said.

"There are still a lot of functionaries who are simply unable to maintain a dialogue with people, to convince them, and still rely on administrative methods and prohibitions," the Pravda article said.

The plan to phase out state subsidies for transportation, meat, milk and other products came under increasing fire this week in letters printed by Pravda and other leading newspapers.

Defending the idea, an economist writing in Moscow Komsomolets referred to rumors that price changes proposed for 1990 were damaging Gorbachev's drive to renovate of the economy. "People started creating legends," the economist said. "They allege that under Stalin, prices were dropping; under Brezhnev, they were steady; and now, under perestroika, they were promised a lot of things but all they have is increased prices."

In another recent article in the government newspaper, Izvestia, N. Tikhonov, a member of the Academy of Sciences, said the rhetoric of perestroika was strong but its achievements so far were few.

"The signboards have been changed, but the novelties have yet to reach down to the deep layers," wrote Tikhonov. "There is still no {economic} independence there."

The recently approved law on state enterprises, designed to revolutionize the way industries operate in the Soviet Union "already is being forgotten and ignored," Tikhonov said.