BONN, DEC. 30 -- East German chief of state Erich Honecker, broadening a previous Warsaw Pact disarmament proposal, today called for removal of all nuclear weapons from both East Germany and West Germany.

Honecker's proposal, in a New Year's message, appeared to be the start of a long-expected East Bloc campaign aimed at scrapping all ground-based, battlefield-range nuclear weapons in Europe.

By specifically proposing removal of such weapons from West Germany, Honecker was seeking a ban in the country where the bulk of NATO's battlefield-range arsenal is stationed. West Germany also is the NATO nation considered most vulnerable to East Bloc pressure for proposals to cut short-range nuclear arms, because most of those weapons could be used here in any all-out European war.

The United States and other NATO countries have predicted in recent months that the Warsaw Pact would begin pressing to scrap such weapons, which have ranges of less than 300 miles, after signing of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty.

The INF pact, signed by President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on Dec. 8, provides for dismantling all of the superpowers' missiles with ranges of between 300 and 3,500 miles.

The NATO position is that some battlefield-range nuclear weapons are necessary to help deter a Warsaw Pact conventional attack. But domestic pressure has been growing in West Germany for steps to remove, or at least reduce, such arsenals.

Honecker's proposal, limited only to the two Germanys, did not provide for eliminating all battlefield-range weapons stationed elsewhere.

Honecker praised the INF treaty as "a historic milestone on the way to creation of a nuclear-free world," according to a text of his message carried by East Germany's official news agency ADN.

"We will now work to ensure that the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany {East Germany and West Germany} become nuclear-free," Honecker said. "We are prepared for this."

Honecker also noted specifically that his proposal provided for eliminating stockpiles of weapons with ranges of less than 300 miles.

Previously, East Germany and the rest of the Warsaw Pact have proposed that a 186-mile-wide, nuclear-free corridor be established straddling the West German border with East Germany and Czechoslovakia. Such a corridor would cover much of the territory of both Germanys.

West Germany's center-right government has opposed the nuclear-free corridor proposal, on grounds that it was necessary to keep some nuclear weapons close to the potential battlefront as a deterrent.

The Bonn government, and the rest of NATO, also were certain to oppose Honecker's new, broadened proposal.

But West Germany's opposition, left-of-center Social Democratic Party has supported establishing the nuclear-free corridor. It also has urged removal of all battlefield-range weapons from Europe.

NATO's stockpile of 4,600 battlefield-range nuclear weapons includes artillery shells, bombs, antisubmarine depth charges, and warheads for 88 Lance missiles.

The Warsaw Pact is estimated to have more than 1,300 nuclear-tipped battlefield-range missiles and more than 6,000 artillery pieces that can fire nuclear shells.