The commander of the Air Force Logistical Command has asked for authority to furlough his 84,000 civilian employees for 10 days without pay because of a $300 million cut in his budget.

"If possible, the furlough will be staggered one day per month to lessen the impact to the employee and the employee's paycheck," Gen. Alfred G. Hansen wrote in letters to Congress.

Hansen is awaiting approval from the Air Force secretary, a spokesman said.

Rep. J. Roy Rowland (D-Ga.), who represents 14,000 affected workers at Robins Air Force Base in Warner Robins, has asked for hearings into the proposed layoffs.

Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) has urged the Air Force to "keep the number of furloughs to the barest minimum" and "to minimize the adverse economic impact on its employees."

Hansen said the logistics command, which buys, supplies, maintains and supports planes and missiles for the Air Force, implemented a hiring freeze last year. The freeze will continue, as will an early retirement program that has cut employment by 8,500 since the end of fiscal 1986, he said.

Hansen said he also planned to cut overtime and release 2,000 temporary employees March 1.

Workers at the eight bases affected learned about the proposed furloughs yesterday, according to a logistics command spokesman.

"The two alternatives were a furlough or a reduction in force," said spokesman Ken Perrotte. A furlough saves about $11 million each day, he said.

Hansen said he had selected the furlough option for two reasons: "to maintain the critical mass of employees essential to sustain combat readiness and to protect our skilled and trained work force."

Nunn said that although the possible layoffs are "discouraging, there is a ray of good news: At least at this point the {Air Force Logistical Command} is not considering any reductions in force of permanent civilian employees for this fiscal year."

One of the main missions of the logistical command is the "depot" or heavy maintenance of planes and missiles. About 40 percent of those furloughed would be mechanics.

The affected bases are Robins in Georgia, McClellan in California, Kelly in Texas, Hill in Utah, Tinker in Oklahoma, Wright Patterson and Newark in Ohio and Davis Monthan in Arizona.

"I plan to treat our work force as fairly and as up front as possible, Hansen said. "Should the funding picture improve, I'll reduce the number of furlough days accordingly."