The chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee said he's tired of complaints about a "do-nothing" Congress and singled out the Senate as the cause of the problem.

Rep. Dan Rostenkowski (D-Ill.) said "an avalanche of adverse opinion" is growing in the House because lawmakers are tired of passing spending bills and other legislation, only to see the bills lie dormant in the Senate until they are wrapped into one sweeping bill at the end of the year.

"We are being blamed as members of Congress for what the Senate has been unable to do," Rostenkowski said in an interview.

"You've got some real bipartisan resentment growing in the House," Rostenkowski said. "Members are asking, 'Why should we pass the budget? Why should we pass a tax bill? Why should we pass legislation that's only going to lie dormant . . . over in the Senate?' "

President Reagan and many lawmakers complain that the catchall spending bill -- known as a "continuing resolution" -- provides a tempting vehicle for some legislators to finance their pet projects, often without detection or debate.

Some of the unrelated issues that found their way into last December's continuing resolution included $8 million to finance a school for Jewish African refugees in France and a maneuver to force Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch into selling off some of his properties in New York and Boston.

"If the Senate needs oil to {lubricate} its machinery and the House can provide that oil, we should do it," Rostenkowski said.

"I'm disappointed that members of the Senate say, 'Oh my gosh, it's frustrating. We're going to retire or we're going to quit,' " he said. "You don't quit. You fix the machinery so it works."

Rostenkowski said the White House also has to "play ball" if it wants Congress to act on pending trade and tax legislation under his committee's jurisdiction.

He indicated he would resist administration pressures to reinstate a preferential tax treatment for capital gains that was eliminated in the last major tax bill.

"Maybe I'll get beat in my committee, but I'm not going to even participate in any discussion or schedule anything on capital gains," he said. "I'm going to maintain at least for the next year that we're going to see the tax legislation we passed in '86 take its full effect."

Rostenkowski's trump card is the U.S.-Canada free-trade pact that the administration badly wants Congress to approve. Although he said he does not intend to hold it hostage while congressional negotiators try to reach a compromise on a major trade reform bill, he concedes he could. The agreement is designed to eliminate all tariffs and most other trade barriers with Canada during the next 10 years.

Reagan and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney signed it Jan. 2, subject to approval by Congress and the Canadian Parliament. Congress has 90 working days to approve the agreement, without amendment. So any changes must be worked out before the implementing legislation is submitted.

The administration is pressing congressional leaders to make a commitment about when they will begin working on the agreement, Rostenkowski said.

"They're going to get a vote, hopefully before August. But I don't like being told that I will do it by August," he added.