President Reagan proposed raising the pay of federal workers while cutting funds for Metro and several other Washington area programs in his trillion-dollar fiscal 1989 budget that sounded more like echoes than alarms to local members of Congress.

The budget contains few surprises for the region: The proposed federal payment to the District of Columbia would be unchanged at $430.5 million; the pay raise for federal employees was part of the budget compromise reached late last year between the administration and Congress, and several of the proposed cuts are identical to those included in the previous Reagan budgets but ignored by Congress in the past.

For example, the White House's proposal includes no federal assistance to Metro or other transit systems for operating expenses and no federal funds for renovation of the Baltimore-Washington Parkway.

Congress rejected the same proposals last year, and voted $17.8 million in Metro operating help and $14.25 million to repave parts of the parkway and improve some entrance and exit ramps.

"Congress hasn't supported those {proposed cuts} in the past and hopefully, Congress will follow history," said Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.). "This is less controversial than similar documents in the past."

"It's an uneventful budget, it's so predictable," said Rep. Frank R. Wolf (R-Va.). "The Washington, D.C., metropolitan area will do fine."

The Reagan budget proposes slashing Metro construction financing by 29 percent to $128 million from this year's level of $180.5 million. Metro has requested $221.7 million for fiscal 1989 and would use the money to extend the Green Line from Fort Totten to Greenbelt and buy 80 more rail cars.

Last year, Congress arrived at the $180.5 million level as a compromise between the $250 million sought by Metro and the $130 million recommended by the White House, which had failed in earlier attempts to eliminate federal financing of Metro construction.

Republican and Democratic members of the local congressional delegations said yesterday that they would work to award more money to Metro than proposed in the president's budget.

"We will be working very hard as a coalition to get the money needed for Metro, to give them whatever they need to move forward to completion," said Rep. Constance A. Morella (R-Md.).

Metro spokeswoman Beverly Silverberg said, "We think the fiscal '89 plan is well planned and responsible." She said the $221.7 million level "will enable us to remain on schedule, to reach Greenbelt by 1993."

The proposed federal payment of $430.5 million is an annual appropriation to the District that is supposed to compensate it for the loss of tax revenue it experiences because of the federal presence. While the amount is the same as this year's payment, the budget proposes changes in other federal payments to the city.

The Reagan administration is proposing that the city bill federal agencies directly for water and sewer services, rather than receive a lump sum. A similar action was proposed last year but Congress rejected it, and the city was paid $40.5 million for water and sewer services.

The budget also includes $22 million in direct payments for the planned construction of a prison in the District, and $2.3 million to cover the expenses for the presidential inauguration in 1989.

As expected, Reagan's blueprint contributes $52 million for retirement benefits and $20 million to cover the costs of transferring control of St. Elizabeths Hospital from the federal government to the city.

The best news in the budget for the Washington area was the proposed 4.3 percent pay increase for military employees and 2 percent pay increase for other federal workers, effective next Jan. 1.

District government employees could be affected in the pocketbook by two other proposed changes. The Reagan administration budgeted a $4 million increase in the District's contribution to federal civil service retirement, a sum that could be collected from city employees in the form of payroll deductions.

In addition, the budget would require state and local government workers across the country who were hired before April 1986 to make payroll contributions to Medicare, a measure that is expected to raise $1.6 billion nationwide.

Virginia officials were pleased by the Reagan proposal to spend $183.9 million on military construction in the state.

The spending "represents an important component of Virginia's economy," Sen. John W. Warner (R-Va.) said in a statement.

The president's budget included other proposed cuts that are sure to meet resistance from local members of Congress.

Sen. Paul S. Sarbanes (D-Md.) said the budget is a "cause for great concern because it fails to sustain the commitment of the federal government to clean up the Chesapeake Bay, a major undertaking vital to our region."

The budget proposes a cut from $81 million to $50 million in an Interior Department fund that is a source for federal money to improve Suitland Parkway, which received $6.6 million in the current fiscal year, Hoyer said.