The House passed a $42.1 billion agriculture appropriations bill yesterday accompanied by a report calling for further study of Red Dye No. 3 before the food additive is banned as a cancer-causing substance. However, the chairman of the committee that submitted the bill said the government is not bound to hold off on such a ban. Rep. Jamie Whitten (D-Miss.) said his committee's report seeking more study of the dye that gives maraschino cherries their brilliant color does not require the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to leave it on the market. His statements came in response to questions from Rep. Ted Weiss (D-N.Y.) during debate over the appropriations bill for rural development, agriculture and related agencies, including FDA. The fiscal 1990 spending bill passed 394 to 26. In 1960, when Congress called for a ban on foods that cause cancer in laboratory animals, Red Dye No. 3 and others were put on a provisional list that allowed them to stay on the market for two years pending further study. Weiss, who chairs the House Government Operations subcommittee that has held hearings on the issue, said during the debate, "Since 1962, the FDA has given the industry somewhere between 30 and 40 extensions of the provisional listing of Red Dye No. 3. "FDA scientists have concluded that Red Dye No. 3 causes cancer," he added. "The ostensible grounds for further study . . . have already been studied and dismissed . . . by a panel of expert government scientists . . . . Under the law, the FDA has no option but to follow through with its stated intentions to terminate the provisional listing of Red Dye No. 3. . . . It is high time that it do so." Large doses of the additive have caused tumors in rats. Consumer groups have demanded that it be banned. Growers and canners, who would like to postpone action against the dye, sought the studies.