BUCHAREST, ROMANIA, DEC. 25 -- State television reported tonight that deposed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, were executed by a firing squad today for genocide and other crimes against the state after being tried by a military tribunal. The announcement said that Ceausescu, 71, was responsible for the deaths of 60,000 people. It did not make clear, however, whether this was the number killed by the Securitate secret police in the past 10 days of fighting or throughout the 24 years of Ceausescu's rule. Ceausescu and his wife, who was deputy prime minister and his second in command, also were found guilty of trying to flee the country to use more than $1 billion in foreign bank accounts and of ruining Romania's economy. They were also convicted of "perverting the power of the state" and of organizing military action that caused massive destruction of property. The report said that a videotape of the execution would be shown tonight. A later report, however, said it would be shown Tuesday because the tape could not be received due to continued fighting near the TV studio. The television described the tape as "a historic document," and added, "The loss of such a document would be unforgivable." {A tape of the Ceausescus being brought before a military tribunal was broadcast on Bucharest television after midnight. {The tape, the first of Ceausescu to be broadcast since the new government announced his capture on Saturday, showed the deposed dictator being led from an armored car with his wife, having his blood pressure checked by a doctor and then facing a tribunal. Ceausescu looked angry at times and his wife bit her nails and twisted a hat in her hands.} Ceausescu, who tried to isolate this country both from the West and from reforms sweeping across the East Bloc this year, was toppled Friday after the army refused to shoot unarmed anti-Ceausescu demonstrators in Bucharest. Ceausescu and his wife escaped by helicopter from the roof of the Communist Party's Central Committee building in Bucharest as demonstrators were rushing to catch them. Their son, Nicu, and daughter, Zoia-Elena, were paraded before TV viewers after being arrested over the weekend. The new National Salvation Front government had announced over the weekend that it would put the Ceausescus on trial and impose severe punishment. It was not immediately clear why the new leadership, which has pledged to restore democracy in Romania, chose to put the Ceausescus on trial in secret and swiftly execute them. {In Washington, the White House said the United States "regrets" that the Ceausescus were not tried "in an open and public fashion." The White House statement also extended U.S. recognition to the new Romanian government. {There was no immediate Soviet reaction to the announcement of the Ceausescus' execution. But Deputy Foreign Minister Ivan Aboimov, at a Moscow news conference, said that formal recognition of the new government "is unlikely to cause any problems" because "we are already actually recognizing the council of the National Salvation Front."} Since the upheaval here, the Securitate secret police -- which Ceausescu created, trained and armed as an elite force to guarantee his survival -- has been waging a terrorist counterrevolution. The continuing resistance is marked by sniping from rooftops and windows, often against unarmed civilians. But the army has been steadily subduing the Securitate force. Meanwhile, there has been a massive outpouring of popular hatred against the former Romanian leader. In scores of interviews here in recent days, with Romanians ranging from students to the patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, there was a shared feeling that the Ceausescu family deserved punishment. "It is terrible, but it is just," said Stefan Andreescu, a historian at the University of Bucharest, in a reaction that seemed to echo the feelings of many people in this city who continued on Christmas Day to hear the sounds of sniper fire outside their windows. In Bucharest, the fighting between army troops and Securitate holdouts dropped to its lowest level since the overthrow of Ceausescu. Romanians began returning to the streets to sweep up bullet casings and broken glass. They lit candles for the dead and acclimated themselves to what one man in the street today called "an uncharted world" of political and religious freedom. Several hundred young people, emboldened by the relative calm, marched through the streets, chanting slogans about liberty and how deeply they despised the Ceausescus. This evening again, however, there was renewed fighting in the city center as the army continued to move from building to building trying to flush out snipers. Many Bucharest churches were packed for Christmas, and loudspeakers broadcast Christmas music in the streets -- the first such music heard here for four decades. Men and women stood in public squares to make impromptu speeches denouncing communism. Soldiers, exhausted but jovial, lounged around their tanks in Palace Square, where they appeared to have blasted out most of the Securitate forces who had fired on them for three days from surrounding apartments and government buildings. The sniping that has killed and wounded many hundreds of residents of this city continued, but at a greatly reduced level. It was unclear tonight if large numbers of the Securitate had heeded a government warning to hand over their weapons by 5 p.m. today or face death without trial. After that hour, gunfire still echoed across the capital. Many members of the security force were reported arrested, including one agent seized in the middle of a Christmas service at Bucharest's Metropolitan Cathedral. He was recognized by a woman in the congregation and was wearing a bulletproof vest. The army appealed today to people living in three city neighborhoods of heavy Securitate resistance to leave their apartments and give soldiers a clear field of fire. Because of the number and the desperation of Securitate snipers who have been aiming to kill civilians, the fighting here and in the large western city of Timisoara has proved dangerous for journalists. Two have been killed and at least four wounded since Saturday. Danny Huwe, a 42-year-old journalist for Belgium's VTM television, was shot and killed by snipers late Sunday when he tried to enter Bucharest by car from Bulgaria, VTM said today. Earlier, a French TV journalist was killed here. The American Embassy has evacuated all "nonessential personnel," and today the British and Soviet embassies announced that they would do the same. Bucharest's airport reopened today after heavy fighting had kept it closed since Friday night, and cargo aircraft from both Western Europe and the East Bloc, carrying desperately needed anesthetics, antibiotics and other medical supplies, were expected to begin arriving. There were widely varying reports over the number of casualties during the past few days of fighting. Romanian radio broadcast unconfirmed estimates that 80,000 people had been killed across the country and 130,000 injured. But a government spokesman later said that "several thousand" was a better estimate. At the state television building, which has emerged as the focal point of the revolution here, a prominent member of the National Salvation Front explained in an interview some of the policies and needs of his provisional government, which has promised to dissolve itself after elections in April. He spoke between meetings with other leaders of the government on details of how the National Salvation Front will run the country. Ioan Grigorescu, 59, a writer and filmmaker who was wounded in the leg on Christmas Eve by a sniper, prefaced his remarks by saying that the Romanian people, after ending 24 years of rule by the "megalomaniac" Ceausescu, "live at the moment of 1776." "Can you ask George Washington how he was going to make his government?" Grigorescu said. "He had to learn from his people." What is certain, Grigorescu said, is that the new government does not need any military assistance from either the Warsaw Pact or the West in putting down the Securitate. On Sunday, Secretary of State James A. Baker III said that the United States was prepared to support a Soviet or Warsaw Pact intervention in Romania. The Soviet leadership, while extending humanitarian aid, has shied away from military involvement -- and ignored a televised request for such assistance that was broadcast here by the new government on Saturday. "We don't want anybody to interfere," said Grigorescu, who said he opposed Saturday's decision to ask for Soviet help. "We don't want Gorbachev to make the mistake that {Leonid} Brezhnev made in 1968," when the Soviets led a Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. Grigorescu spent much of Christmas Eve at Bucharest emergency hospital after a sniper shot him in the right leg as he was walking into the offices of Radio Bucharest for one of his regular broadcasts to the nation. He said that what Romania needs is "medicine, drugs and blood plasma." "There have been thousands of transfusions," the writer said, "and we do not have the equipment to test for AIDS. We know the world can help us, but we don't want the world to think of us as Biafra or Ethiopia." Grigorescu tentatively sketched out new economic policies for Romania that sounded similar to those being implemented in other reforming East European countries such as Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. "We believe we will have to make an open market with the laws of the open market," said Grigorescu, adding that the new government hopes that foreign investors will take an interest in the country. He also said that heavy industry, which under Ceausescu was heavily subsidized and heavily polluting, would have to make itself profitable. Grigorescu said that Romania, with 23 million people the second most populous of Moscow's Warsaw Pact allies, had the capacity to end quickly the chronic food shortages that have plagued the country for the past decade under Ceausescu. Those shortages, in part, stemmed from the deposed leader's policy of exporting quality agricultural goods, such as salami and wines, to earn foreign exchange that paid for prestige projects. These projects included the construction of a gargantuan, unfinished palace, built in classic wedding-cake Stalinist style, near the center of the city. Ceausescu ordered some of the most historic buildings in this ancient city razed in the mid-1980s in order to put up his palace. "If Romanian peasant farmers are allowed to be peasant farmers again, then maybe the problem of food will be solved," said Grigorescu. His remarks were echoed in editorials in today's blossoming of more than 10 new "freedom" newspapers, which agreed that Romanian consumers should have first dibs on home-grown food. Grigorescu said that qualified Communist officials from the previous regime, if they were untainted by personal involvement with the Ceausescu family, would be welcomed by the National Salvation Front. He said the front has more than 40 members, including former Communist leaders, dissidents, artists and intellectuals. The current leader of the country, Grigorescu said, is Ion Iliescu, a 59-year-old career Communist who was forced out of the party's Central Committee in 1984 for advocating more openness. Described by analysts as Gorbachev's first choice as a successor to Ceausescu, Iliescu said on television over the weekend that he is only an interim leader and that he and the entire National Salvation Front will serve only until elections are held. Grigorescu said he spoke to Iliescu Sunday night about why the government had not wanted to show Ceausescu and his wife on television, a move that many here had argued might have persuaded the Securitate to lay down their arms. According to Grigorescu, Iliescu said that "their preservation and perfect security" precluded the Ceausescus' being shown on television or being photographed.