Q. Generally speaking, is the United States becoming more influential or less influential in world affairs?

........................MAY 1990

More influential........43%

Less influential........56%

Don't know.............. 1%

Q. Generally speaking, is the Soviet Union becoming more influential or less influential in world affairs?

........................MAY 1990

More influential........55%

Less influential........42%

Don't know.............. 3%

Q. Would you say you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Mikhail Gorbachev?

..................MAY 1990...NOV. 1989...MAY 1989

Favorable.........73%........60%.........71%

Unfavorable.......25.........22..........24

Don't know........ 2.........18.......... 5

Q. Would you say you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of George Bush?

..................MAY 1990...NOV. 1989...MAY 1989

Favorable.........80%........71%.........78%

Unfavorable.......19.........20..........20

Don't know........ 1......... 9.......... 2

Q. Would you agree or disagree that the Cold War between East and West is coming to an end?

................MAY 1989...JUNE 1989...NOV. 1989

Agree...........50%........47%.........58%

Disagree........46.........48..........30

Don't know...... 5......... 5.......... 6

...............JAN. 1990...APRIL 1990...MAY 1990

Agree..........55%.........55%..........66%

Disagree.......33..........31...........32

Don't know.....12..........14........... 3

Q. Do you think that the changes that have occurred recently in the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc countries will result in a more peaceful world or not?

..............MAY 1990

Yes.............76%

No..............23%

Don't know...... 1%

Q. Do you think these changes mean there will be more cooperation between the East and the West to solve mutual problems or not?

..............MAY 1990

Yes...........83%

No............15%

Don't know.... 2%

Q. What do you think is a greater threat to the security of the United States these days: the military power of the Soviet Union or the terrorism supported by such countries as Libya, Iraq and Iran?

The military power of

the Soviet Union.........15%

Terrorism................82%

Both Equally............. 2%

Don't know............... 1%

Q. What do you think is the greater threat to the security of the United States these days: the military power of the Soviet Union or the economic power of Japan?

..............................MAY 1990...MARCH 1990...FEB. 1989

The military power of

the Soviet Union..............21%........38%..........50%

The economic power of Japan...75.........57...........44

Both equally.................. 2......... 2........... 3

Don't know.................... 2......... 3........... 3

Q. What do you think is a greater threat to the security of the United States these days: the military power of the Soviet Union or drug traffickers in Colombia and elsewhere in South America?

...........................MAY 1990

The military power of

the Soviet Union...........15%

Drug traffickers...........83%

Both equally............... 1%

Don't know................. 1%

Q. How important is it to the United States that Gorbachev remain in power: very important, somewhat important or not too important?

Very important........65%

Somewhat important....25%

Not too important.....10%

Do you think the changes in the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc countries mean the United States can make major cuts in the military spending without endangering our security or not?

.................................MAY 1990...NOV. 1989

Yes, U.S. can make major cuts....49%........45%

No, U.S. cannot make major cuts..49.........50

Don't know....................... 2......... 5

Q. Do you agree or disagree that it would be a good thing for the United States and the Soviet Union to make further cuts right now in nuclear arms?

..............MAY 1990

Agree.........79%

Disagree......20%

Don't know.... 1%

Considering everything, did you ever expect to see in your lifetime changes like those that have occurred in the past few years in the Soviet Union and elsewhere in the Eastern Bloc or not?

Yes.........18%

No..........82

Most recent figures are based on a Washington Post-ABC News national telephone survey of 1,526 adults conducted May 17-21. Margin of sampling error for the overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Sampling error is larger when results are based on only a portion of the sample. Sampling error is, however, only one of many potential sources of error in public opinion surveys. Earlier results are based on telephone interviews with about 1,000 adults nationally. Interviewing for the most recent poll was conducted by Chilton Research of Radnor, Pa. Interviewing figures was done by Chilton Research of ICR Survey Research Group of Media, Pa.