JERUSALEM, JUNE 11 -- Israel's parliament tonight approved a right-wing ruling coalition under Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir after a day of dissension and brinkmanship that critics said could become the hallmark of the new government.

After six hours of debate and daylong behind-the-scenes negotiations, 62 of the 120 members of the Knesset voted to confirm the government, which joins Shamir's Likud Party with 10 other parties and factions representing ultra-Orthodox religious groups and the extreme right.

The vote ended a three-month political crisis that began when the former "unity government," combining the right and left, split over whether to accept a U.S. proposal for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. The new government is expected to reject such talks, expand Jewish settlement of the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip and take tougher measures against the Palestinian uprising there.

Opposition Labor Party leader Shimon Peres predicted that the new coalition, the first purely right-wing alliance Likud has led since 1983, will be "the most radical government" in Israel's history.

"From its makeup and guidelines, it is a government that provides no message of peace," Peres told the Knesset. "It is built on the lowest common denominator of the rightist parties, and any component of the government can make an ultimatum every day and get whatever it wants -- creeping annexation, galloping settlements in the territories, the withering of peace."

Addressing the Knesset, Shamir, 74, who is beginning his fourth government as prime minister, reiterated his goal of focusing attention on Israel's effort to absorb Soviet immigrants and repeated a call on Arab states to open unconditional peace negotiations with the Jewish state. He conceded there were "differences of opinion" between the United States and Israel over the peace process and insisted that Washington break off its dialogue with the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"We will continue to work with the United States and Arab elements that show true desire for agreement to advance the peace process," Shamir said. But he added: "It is impossible to advance an agreement and to advance the status of Arabs in {the West Bank} and Gaza when all the Arab states except Egypt conduct hostile relations with us, put us under an economic embargo, conduct a brutal campaign of incitement against us, help terror acts against us and fight against immigration."

The opposition, led by the left-wing Labor Party, charged, however, that the new coalition has no intention of advancing peace talks and is likely to spend most of its time trying to hold itself together.

Through most of today, four legislators in the right-wing bloc threatened not to vote for Shamir because their demands for ministerial posts had not been met. One of the three religious parties in the government, Shas, also reportedly threatened to pull out unless the new administration agreed to call off a police investigation of one of its leaders, Interior Minister Aryeh Deri, accused of corruption. In the end, none of the would-be spoilers was fully satisfied, but all voted for the coalition.

As it stands, 24 of the 62 legislators voting for the government today were given ministerial or deputy ministerial posts. Seven of them, representing three small right-wing parties, ardently oppose most of the past moves toward peace, including the Camp David accords and Shamir's own peace initiative.

Shamir has insisted Israel will continue to pursue both his plan, which calls for Palestinians to elect representatives to negotiate with Israel, and the overall Camp David framework. But leaders of the small coalition parties have threatened to withdraw support from the new government, forcing its collapse, if there are substantial moves toward such negotiations. Gyula Cohen, leader of the Tehiya party, told parliament: "There is more Tehiya than Camp David in this government."

Moderate Likud ministers close to Shamir, such as incoming Defense Minister Moshe Arens and Health Minister Ehud Olmert, are uncomfortable with the new government because it has brought rival, hard-line Likud leaders to the forefront. Three party dissidents who battled Shamir and his peace initiative over the last year have been given key positions in the new administration, including former defense minister Ariel Sharon, who will be housing minister.

The foreign minister will be David Levy, who, as housing minister, was responsible for the government's highly controversial decision to subsidize a Jewish settlement in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem's Old City. A populist former construction worker whose political base is among Israel's disadvantaged Sephardic Jews, Levy is seeking to replace the more moderate and technocratic Arens as heir-apparent to Shamir.

Leaders of the Palestinian uprising in the occupied territories called the new government "racist" and "terrorist" in a leaflet distributed today and said Palestinians should respond with an escalation of the rebellion, which has led to the death of nearly 1,000 people over the last 30 months. But one prominent Palestinian, journalist Daoud Kuttab, said Palestinian leaders were perversely pleased that Shamir would now lead a purely right-wing coalition instead of a unity government.

"At least now the situation is clear," Kuttab said. "The gray has been eliminated, and you can see the black and white of Israeli politics."