A coalition of black college students hopes to rekindle student movements of the 1960s with a march and rally here tomorrow, kicking off a week of events aimed at focusing the nation's attention on issues such as education and racism.

The bonding of this coalition, historians and social scientists said in interviews this week, is part of a resurgence of student activism -- and a reemergence of black cultural awareness -- fueled largely by a dwindling of federal funds for student financial aid and an increase in racially motivated incidents on and off college campuses.

"After a while, people hit a breaking point," said Brooke Barrick, a mathematics major at Howard University. "If that means standing up and raising our voices and shaking our hands, then we'll do it."

Student demonstrations over issues such as tuition increases, tenure for nonwhite professors, allegations of racial insensitivity and poor campus conditions have occurred in the past year at more than 50 campuses throughout the nation, according to student activists, news reports and university officials.

"They see the government spending billions of dollars to bail out the savings and loans, but they can't get a grant for school," said Russell L. Adams, chairman of the African-American Studies Department at Howard University.

"And there have been the off-campus racial incidents such as {the murder of a black man by whites in} Bensonhurst and {the Greek Fest disturbances in} Virginia Beach. All of these things provide motivation."

Students at Morgan State University and Bowie State University took over campus buildings this year to protest increases in school fees and tuition. Last year, Howard students successfully protested the appointment of Republican National Committee Chairman Lee Atwater as a university trustee and won concessions on other issues affecting education, housing and student aid.

In April, hundreds of students at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., occupied an administration building for 10 days. About 650 students at Temple University closed a major Philadelphia thoroughfare for two days.

In late February, about 300 students at Tennessee State University in Nashville occupied the administration building.

Slurs aimed at black students at the University of Texas at Austin spurred days of protests in April involving 1,500 racially diverse demonstrations on campus and at the state capitol.

Many of the students involved in the national movement have been driven toward activism by their own frustrating experiences in obtaining financial help for education.

Any victories for the students in Washington won't be measured by the turnout for the march and rallies, organizers said.

About 5,000 students from 38 cities as far away as Oakland and Boise, Idaho, are expected for tomorrow's kickoff event, an 11 a.m. march from the U.S. Department of Education to Lafayette Square.

In the ensuing days, students will discuss education rights, homelessness and drug abuse. They will lobby Congress for D.C. statehood and continued sanctions against South Africa. And they will demonstrate at the U.S. Supreme Court Wednesday.

The students intimately involved in planning the events represent more than a dozen diverse youth-oriented groups such as the Black Law Students Association, the African National Congress Youth Division and the D.C. Young Democrats.

"The march is only the beginning of a five- to 10-year plan for organizations to come together," said Ural Hill, chairman of the National Collegiate Black Caucus, the principle sponsoring organization.

"If we are able to reclaim our communities from drugs" and successfully lobby Congress and the administration, Hill said, "that is when we will be able to measure our success."

The idea for the week's events was first discussed last fall at a youth summit during the annual Congressional Black Caucus weekend.

Responding to a challenge from Rep. Ron Dellums (D-Calif.) to lobby the federal government, about 50 students organized the National Collegiate Black Caucus. The first meeting last November drew 250 people to Atlanta, including law students, seminarians and pan-Africanists.

Many of the student planners have parents who are educators or who were active in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. Several come from middle-income homes. The overwhelming majority are black. Many attend historically black colleges. Some attend predominantly white universities.

Barrick, one of the organizers, was labeled "gifted" early in her life and was in college at age 15. John Brown, chairman of events, is a recovering drug and alcohol abuser and a Howard sophomore who sees a connection between drug addiction and racism and educational opportunity.

Ray Davis, a Howard graduate student, is executive director of the D.C. Student Coalition against Apartheid and Racism. And Deidre Gantt is graduating from Kelly Miller Junior High School in Northeast Washington.

Talib Karim had plans to be an astronaut and spent two years at the United States Air Force Academy until he left that school and transferred to Howard. Kathy Thomas is headed to the Air Force after finishing her training to become a minister.

The parents of Karim, 20, a Detroit native, met during the 1968 Poor People's Campaign in Washington. His father was an organizer and his mother was a journalist covering the event.

But last Wednesday night, Karim found himself at a meeting in the D.C. Council chamber for organizers of the "Student Call to Washington." He passed around a baseball cap and asked for donations from the 25 people discussing plans for the next week's events.

"We're not just doing this for ourselves," Karim said. "Our people will benefit from this. I know we are already giving time and money . . . . I've given up lunch for the past couple of weeks."

The tally: $26 and some change.

"That's not bad," said Karim, who as chairman of the fund-raising committee has contacted 50 groups and about 100 individuals for donations. "At our meeting last week, we had twice as many people and collected $23."

Karim, now majoring in mechanical engineering at Howard University, said his first foray into student activism came when he tried to persuade the Air Force Academy to offer a black literature class more often than every four years. That effort led him to start a newsletter for black students at the academy.

"I see this event as our generation's attempt to speak with a unified voice," Karim said. "You're looking at our generation's leaders, the movers and shakers in the next five to 10 years."