Rep. Mary Rose Oakar (D-Ohio), chairman of the House Administration subcommittee that oversees the U.S. Capitol Police, said yesterday she would introduce a "reform package" today designed to meet complaints by members of the force about job discrimination, retirement standards and the handling of grievances.

Oakar said her proposal would establish within the Capitol Police a civilian "director of employment practices" who would serve as an ombudsman and monitor the operation of a revised grievance procedure. The new position, she said, would be a response to allegations by black members of the force "regarding promotion, mobility and possible bias."

Another part of the Oakar package, which would lower the age requirements for retirement in line with other local and federal law enforcement agencies, will open up higher ranks for blacks, who make up almost 27 percent of the 1,280-member force but hold less than 10 percent of the top 65 managerial positions.

"Some 140 officers would immediately be eligible for retirement, including 35 {in} senior positions," Oakar said.

Ten top Capitol Police officials, including several of the highest ranking officers on the force, have indicated they would retire if the Oakar measure is passed, a congressional source said.

Under the proposal, officers would be eligible to retire at the age of 50 if they have 20 years of service, or at any age if they have been on the force for 25 years.

To meet complaints of favoritism in specialized assignments, such as the bomb disposal squad or guard dog unit, Oakar will propose making such "special technician" positions subject to open competition. Those jobs, which often carry extra training and pay, often have been filled with appointees of the House or Senate sergeants-at-arms.

In another effort to meet a concern of black officers, Oakar has arranged for the Capitol Police to provide seminars to assist those who want to take the tests that lead to promotions at the lower levels.

Oakar also said yesterday that she would put pressure on the Capitol Police Board, which provides policy direction to the force, to come up with a plan to end the separate House and Senate payrolls, a move that was first proposed three years ago. One reason for the failure to reach agreement in the past is the different way the two bodies appoint and manage officers on their payrolls.

The ombudsman position, which Oakar said was created "with the purpose of enhancing the integrity and credibility of the grievance procedure," is an attempt to put life into the current procedure, which has not been considered responsive by officers because it requires complainants to turn to their superiors for relief.

The ombudsman would be appointed by the Capitol Police Board with the approval of the House Administration Committee. The ombudsman would be paid $52,000 a year and would monitor any grievance filed by a member of the force.

Under the Oakar plan, the Capitol Police chief would attempt to resolve a grievance based on comments from his staff. Any decision could be appealed to a grievance committee chaired by the ombudsman and made up of members elected from among the force.

A final decision would rest with the Capitol Police Board, which would weigh the chief's recommendation and the finding of the grievance committee.