An article yesterday misidentified a Washington resident killed in this week's earthquake in the Philippines. His name is Richard Finley. (Published 7/21/90)

MANILA, JULY 19 -- Rescue workers digging through the rubble of the earthquake-devastated mountain resort of Baguio City have given up hope of finding additional survivors among collapsed hotels and houses, and relief efforts today turned to evacuating some of the 120,000 residents and airlifting food and supplies to those who chose to stay.

{The Associated Press, reporting from Baguio on Friday, quoted the chairman of a presidential task force there as saying at least 224 died in that city, bringing the overall death toll to 608, with more than 1,200 wounded.}

{A U.S. Marine Corps observation plane helping rescuers crashed near Baguio early Friday, killing the pilot, news agencies reported. A second crewman was rushed to a U.S. hospital in the city. The men's names were being withheld.}

More bodies are expected to be pulled from four main hotels in Baguio, and up to 150 workers may have been buried and then burned to death when a chemical fire apparently erupted inside a collapsed factory in Baguio's export-processing zone.

Baguio remained virtually inaccessible except by helicopter, with telephone lines cut and main roads still blocked by landslides. Rescue workers were using dynamite to blast the roads clear.

On Tuesday, a local television station quoting government officials reported that at least one road was opened, but officials today said that all roads to Baguio City were still impassable.

The government's rescue operation is being criticized as needlessly slow and uncoordinated, possibly costing lives. Manila apparently learned only today that more than 60 cars and buses were either marooned or buried along the mountain road heading north from Baguio. Some survivors managed to walk into towns, where they contacted a local radio station for help.

Attention has been focused on Baguio, and little is known about smaller, more isolated cities and towns that have suffered similar devastation. The province of La Union, like Baguio north of Manila, was badly hit and President Corazon Aquino belatedly added it to the list of calamity areas.

In Dagupan City, residents reportedly are without water, most of the towns road's and bridges have been destroyed and the entire commercial district sank by a yard.

Reports from Baguio said the smell of death was heavy. The quake felled more than 20 hotels and office buildings in the quaint, American-built city. Baguio has run out of coffins for its dead, and corpses pulled from the rubble were being stacked in front of funeral parlors, reports said.

Earlier today, rescue workers said they had stopped their search for survivors at the Nevada Inn shortly after recovering the body of Robert Finley, a Washington resident and a representative of the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Finley, 58, a foreign service officer, retired from the agency in 1988 and was hired on contract to attend an AID conference at the Nevada Inn. He and four Philippine employees of the AID mission in Manila were among those killed when the hotel collapsed.

Finley, a graduate of Dunbar High School, studied accounting at George Washington University and American University. He joined AID in 1969 as an accounting technician and transferred to the foreign service in 1975, serving in the Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Barbados and Tanzania.

The body of another American also was recovered. U.S. officials were withholding her identity until her family could be informed.

About 20 bodies were still believed to be inside the Nevada when the rescue team called off the search for survivors.

Baguio was still suffering from a shortage of food, water, fuel for vehicles, and medical supplies, and residents spent another day under tents or umbrellas in city parks, braving torrential rains. The airport had been closed to fixed-wing aircraft because of runway damage, but a television station said a C-130 transport plane landed with supplies and then evacuated some of the people who wanted to leave.

Philippine and U.S. military helicopters have been ferrying in supplies since the quake struck. The U.S. government began airlifting American citizens to the U.S. Embassy grounds in Manila. Baguio is home to about 1,500 Americans.

Dozens of countries have offered aid in what is now being characterized as a national catastrophe.

Some officials began assessing the costs of the quake, which has destroyed much of the infrastructure of Luzon Island, the main island of this archipelago nation. The blow came as the country was beginning to see signs of a sustained recovery from four years of economic troubles.

Callers caused panic in Manila's commercial district today when they phoned several office buildings and warned that another earthquake was coming this afternoon. Office workers ran from their buildings into the streets. Government officials said they believed the calls were the work of anti-Aquino dissidents trying to cause panic.