Most District residents believe D.C. Mayor Marion Barry should not be retried on any of the 12 charges left unresolved by a U.S. District Court jury Friday, according to a new Washington Post survey.

A majority also do not want Barry to spend time in jail for the one misdemeanor drug possession charge on which he was convicted.

And by even larger margins, the survey found, District residents -- black and white -- do not want Barry to run for mayor or D.C. Council, at least not this year.

Slightly more than half of those questioned said Barry should resign as mayor immediately, about the same proportion who thought Barry should step down in a Post poll conducted immediately after Barry's Jan. 18 arrest in an FBI sting at the Vista Hotel downtown.

"Frankly, he needs to do what he said he wants to do: heal himself, get himself together and get his family together," said Shirell Warren, 19, of Northwest, one of 603 randomly selected District residents interviewed Saturday.

In recent days, Barry has told members of his inner circle that he would not run for mayor as an independent but is considering attempting a return to the D.C. Council, where he spent four years before winning his first term as mayor in 1978. It is too late for him to file as a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the Sept. 11 primary.

If Barry were to win one of the two at-large council seats up for election this fall, he would receive an annual salary of $71,885. Barry has 16 years of government service.

He would be eligible for retirement benefits if he had 20 years of government service, according to the D.C. Personnel Department.

When asked if they would vote for Barry if he were to run for the council in the Nov. 6 general election, about a third of those questioned said they would, about the same proportion who would back him for mayor should he decide to run as an independent. The top two vote-getters in the general election win at-large seats.

On Friday, the jury convicted Barry on one charge of cocaine possession, acquitted him on another and was unable to reach agreement on the 12 remaining charges. Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson declared a mistrial on those charges and sent the jury home.

Although blacks and whites differed on many issues, the poll found that big majorities of both races said Barry received a fair trial. And majorities of both groups opposed another trial on the 12 charges. Nearly three out of four people questioned said the mayor should not be retried on any of the unresolved drug charges. "The fact that {the jury} couldn't decide was a verdict," said Warren.

And by a 2-1 ratio, those surveyed said Barry should not be sentenced to serve time in jail for the misdemeanor drug charge on which he was convicted. Barry could receive up to one year in prison for that conviction, although first-time offenders are rarely sent to jail for cocaine possession.

The survey also found that Friday's somewhat ambiguous conclusion to the seven-week Barry trial left many District residents bewildered, and the city more deeply divided along racial lines now than it was before the trial began.

Slightly more than half of those questioned said the Barry trial has increased racial tension in the District, while fewer than one in 10 said tension has decreased as a result of the trial. The remainder said black-white tension in the city has been largely unaffected by the trial.

And despite hopes by many that the end of the trial would mark the beginning of improved race relations in the District, about two out of three people interviewed in the poll said they expected racial tensions in the future to stay about the same.

Follow-up interviews with people questioned in the poll, as well as conversations with other District residents in recent days, suggest the verdict may have angered and confused many Washington area residents.

About half of those interviewed said they were satisfied with the Barry verdict, while more than four in 10 said they were dissatisfied or had mixed views.

"I feel satisfied with it," said Calvin Kylow, 55, of Southeast. "It happened about the way I expected it. Because I followed it, I could see there were a lot of things that weren't clear and were confusing."

Others, however, were not pleased. "I wasn't satisifed with it at all," said Diane Hammond, 34, of Northeast. "I felt there was too much going on; he got off with a handslap. Listening to the jurors coming out, I don't think they were open-minded. They were too worried about what the verdict would do to the city and did not consider the case at hand. For young people, it sent the wrong message. You do drugs, you get slapped on the hand."

Most District residents were less critical of the jury, which heard testimony for more than six weeks and deliberated for eight days. According to the poll, six out of 10 District residents said they felt the jury did a good job, while about a third said the jury hadn't done well.

And despite Barry's plea to the media at a triumphant rally Saturday at the Frank D. Reeves Municipal Center that "enough is enough," six out of 10 people questioned in the poll said news coverage of the Barry case had been generally fair.

However, the survey found many District residents troubled by the conduct of U.S. Attorney Jay B. Stephens and federal prosecutors, whose investigation of illegal drug use by the mayor netted a single conviction on a misdemeanor charge.

More than four of 10 people questioned said the federal government's investigation of Barry was racially motivated.

"I believe the racial part played a role," said Kylow. "When they put as much time and money in it as they ended up doing, I have to believe it was a racial thing."

The survey also found that District black and white residents see Friday's verdict in dramatically different ways. According to the poll:Nearly six out of 10 blacks said the government investigation of Barry was racially motivated, compared with just one out of seven whites. Two out of three blacks said they were "satisfied" with the verdict, compared with one out of six whites. Four out of 10 whites said Barry should serve time in jail, compared with one out of four black respondents. Seven out of 10 whites said Barry should resign immediately, compared to just less than half of all blacks. Senior polling analyst Sharon Warden contributed to this report.