MOSCOW, AUG. 26 -- The Soviet Union will not use force in the Persian Gulf despite voting for a U.N. resolution last week permitting limited military enforcement of the embargo of Iraq, Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze said today.

After talks here with French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas, Shevardnadze said in a joint news conference that while Moscow will not object if other countries, including the United States, use military means to back up the embargo, "we have no such plans to use force or take part in such an operation."

"We voted {for the U.N. resolution} because other countries are ready to take part in inspecting the ships and vessels suspected of carrying prohibited cargo," Shevardnadze said. "The United States and other countries represented in this region -- I mean {those} which have their own armed forces -- they should act, but within the guidelines of the resolution."

Shevardnadze denied reports that the 193 Soviet military advisers still in Iraq are helping it "prepare details for military operations." Other officials have said the advisers help teach Iraqi soldiers how to use and maintain Soviet-made arms and equipment.

The advisers will begin to leave the country as soon as their contracts expire and all Soviet women and children in Iraq are evacuated, Shevardnadze said, "or as the need arises." He said other Soviet nationals are in Iraq working in agriculture, land improvement, industry and "other areas of the economy."

Shevardnadze said the Soviet Union would "carry out its responsibility" if the U.N. Security Council eventually decided to set up an international force in the Persian Gulf, "but so far such a decision has not been made." He also said that in such a case, the Soviet Union would provide intelligence to the Security Council on Iraq's Soviet-built armaments.

After a period of privately expressing concern to U.S. officials that the Bush administration may have reduced the opportunity for a negotiated settlement of the crisis by accelerating its military buildup in the region, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev Friday night sent Iraqi President Saddam Hussein what amounted to an ultimatum: either bow to the demands of the United Nations or Moscow will vote with the West in the Security Council to take "appropriate steps."

Less than two hours after the "urgent personal message" was released, the Soviet Union made clear that it would vote with the United States on U.N. Resolution 665 authorizing U.N. members with warships in the region to "use such measures commensurate to the specific circumstances as may be necessary."

The Soviet Union has two gunships in the Gulf of Oman near the Strait of Hormuz, but Shevardnadze said they are there in case it is necessary to "assist" in the evacuation of the nearly 8,000 Soviet nationals still in Iraq.

Shevardnadze and Dumas issued a joint statement calling on Iraq to "show realism and common sense and to heed the will of the international community expressed in the resolutions of the Security Council on the crisis in the gulf."

Ever since Iraq invaded Kuwait, Moscow has tried to walk a careful diplomatic line, joining the international condemnation of the invasion but at the same time trying to preserve some chance of maintaining relations with a country that has been an ally for 30 years. Iraq had been its closest ally in the region and received huge amounts of arms.

The government newspaper Izvestia indicated just how difficult Moscow's position has been. It said the Soviet military attache in Washington, Maj. Gen. Grigori Yakovlev, consulted with Pentagon officials a week ago to describe what weapons Iraq has and to explain Moscow's political position on the crisis.

Izvestia, however, said Yakovlev did not describe the weaponry in detail, "in accordance with treaty commitments to Iraq." Pentagon officials accepted Yakovlev's limited briefing "with understanding," it said.

The Soviet Union cut off arms deliveries to Iraq after the invasion, and signed a joint statement of condemnation with the United States.