JERUSALEM, AUG. 27 -- Israeli intelligence reports indicate that Jordan is continuing programs of military cooperation with Iraq and that Yemen has been airlifting food and other supplies to Baghdad in violation of a U.N.-mandated trade embargo against Iraq, Israeli officials said today.
The officials said also that the latest intelligence assessments here conclude there has been no weakening in Iraq's military position or supplies as a result of a U.N.-mandated trade embargo against Baghdad.
Some Israeli experts say Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein may have anticipated an interruption of military supplies and stockpiled sufficient materiel to keep his army functioning in spite of a naval blockade to enforce the trade sanctions imposed after Iraq's Aug. 2 invasion of Kuwait.
According to the Israeli intelligence data, Jordanian technicians have been instructing the Iraqis on how to operate four batteries of U.S.-made Hawk anti-aircraft missiles that Iraq 2aptured from Kuwait. Because of this assistance, the Israelis have charged, Iraq may be able to turn the missiles against U.S. aircraft in the event war breaks out in the Persian Gulf.
In addition, Israeli sources said, the Jordanian air force has been carrying out daily reconnaissance missions along Jordan's borders with Saudi Arabia and Israel and forwarding intelligence to Iraq. Such reconnaissance is useful to Baghdad because it lacks the sophisticated satellite and electronic intelligence-gathering resources of the United States.
The sources also said that Israeli intelligence believes Yemen is smuggling crucial supplies to Iraq by air, including food. But officials said there was no evidence to support reports in the Arab world that Iraq had deployed troops or missiles in Yemen or in Sudan, which is also supportive of Baghdad.
The governments of Yemen and Jordan have promised to honor the U.N. trade sanctions against Iraq, although both have expressed some sympathy for Saddam's position.
The latest Israeli reports on Jordan, delivered in briefings for journalists, continue what has been a concerted campaign here to prevent the neighboring Arab kingdom from tilting too far toward Iraq in the gulf crisis.
Israeli officials have warned that Israel will take military action if any Iraqi troops move into Jordan, but they also have offered assurances that Israel does not intend to attack Jordan and wants King Hussein to remain in power.
In private, Israeli government and military authorities have been sharply critical of Hussein, charging that he is incapable of acting independently of Saddam and is in danger of losing control of Jordan. The Israelis have been particularly irritated by the king's military preparations, which, in addition to cooperation with Iraq, include placing his army on alert and deploying anti-aircraft weapons in the mountains overlooking Jordan's border with Israel.
In an interview on Israeli television Sunday night, Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir delivered his strongest public warning yet to Hussein. The king's position, he said, "is contrary to Israel's interests, threatens Israel's security and does not help the king's survival."
The Israeli account of Jordan's military cooperation with Iraq could not be independently confirmed. However, the charges appear consistent with what is known of past military cooperation between Jordan and Iraq, which has grown in recent years.
The Jordanian and Iraqi air forces have worked closely together, and last year the Jordanians allowed Iraqi planes to conduct reconnaissance flights along the Jordanian-Israeli border. Baghdad and Amman also announced that they were forming a joint air squadron, although detailed arrangements were never made public. Israeli sources say no Iraqi planes have appeared in Jordan during the present crisis.
According to the Israeli accounts, Syria is now expected to dispatch a small force to the United Arab Emirates in addition to the 1,200 troops it sent to Saudi Arabia to help thwart further Iraqi aggression.