BAGHDAD, IRAQ, SEPT. 4 -- Two planeloads of Western women and children flew out of Iraq today, and busloads of German and British citizens were evacuated from occupied Kuwait in arduous overland convoys to Baghdad.

The two charter flights to Amman, Jordan, one organized by the United States and the other by West Germany, were both operated by Iraqi Airways. This apparently indicated that Western governments, after first resisting, have bowed to Iraq's insistence that all outbound flights carrying refugee women and children be on planes chartered from the government-owned Iraqi carrier for about $30,000 a flight.

{An official at the British Embassy in Amman said a third flight was expected from Baghdad and would carry about 45 Britons. A U.S. official said Americans also were to be on that plane, but he had no details, the Los Angeles Times reported.}

Wrangling over the Iraqi conditions had held up evacuations since Saturday, when the first three planeloads departed. Another charter flight, organized by the French government, is scheduled to leave Wednesday, and more are expected in the coming week.

A large number of such flights will have to be arranged for the several thousand women and children who have been stranded in Kuwait since Iraqi troops invaded Aug. 2. The first groups from Kuwait began to arrive in Baghdad in the overland convoys, to be processed for exit visas and put aboard flights out of the country.

A three-bus convoy organized by the West German Embassy in Kuwait made the drive in 13 hours, arriving late last night with 99 people. After their documents were reviewed by Iraqi authorities overnight, the convoy members joined several dozen other Western women and children already in Baghdad for the flight to Amman arranged by West Germany. They were flown to Frankfurt in a West German Air Force Boeing 707 later today.

The U.S.-organized flight carried 28 U.S. citizens, mostly Americans of Iraqi or other Arab origin, along with other nationals authorized to leave. In addition to Western women and children, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has said that foreigners of Arab origin may be evacuated.

As passengers lined up for passport inspection in a crisis atmosphere at Baghdad's Saddam International Airport, a group of Romanian oil workers waited nearby for what they said was a routine flight to Bucharest in a Romanian airliner taking them back for scheduled vacations. Constantine Gatez, who helped organize the Romanians' trip, said they felt no danger and planned to return to their jobs in Iraq after vacation.

The Soviet airline Aeroflot also has been authorized to make landings in Baghdad to evacuate Soviets stranded here.

A second convoy, organized by the British Embassy in Kuwait for 306 people in seven buses and a car, pulled out of the Sultan Center shopping mall in central Kuwait City this morning and was expected here during the night, British diplomats said.

Diplomats said they hoped to put the new arrivals on flights to Amman after the several days required to have their documents stamped. If that is not possible, they said, as a "last resort" the refugees could be taken overland to the Jordanian border, where thousands of refugees are already gathered in dismal conditions in the desert.

U.S. diplomats here, working with their colleagues remaining in Kuwait, have sought to organize departures for stranded U.S. women and children, but in chartered shuttle flights between Kuwait and Baghdad. They have refused to bring U.S. citizens overland, saying such a trip would be cruel for women and youngsters under a searing summer sun that bakes the road with 100-degree-plus temperatures.

Canada's charge d'affaires here, Dale Carl, said his government has arranged the first such flight out of Kuwait for Thursday. An Iraqi Airways 707 is scheduled to fly about 130 Canadians and a complement of other Westerners to Baghdad and on to Ankara, Turkey, he said.

Naji Hadithi, of the Iraqi Information Ministry, said such flights could be arranged easily, since they would be domestic runs. Since the invasion, Saddam has declared Kuwait a province of Iraq.

Hadithi said Iraq rejected a U.S. demand that the exit flights go directly from Kuwait to Amman or Europe for connections to the United States. All such flights must stop first in Baghdad so passengers can be processed by Iraqi emigration authorities, he explained.

Difficult negotiations over these and other points have held up the first departures of an estimated 1,400 U.S. women and children trapped in Kuwait. The organization of any departure has been particularly sensitive because of fears that women and children reporting to leave could draw attention to U.S. men who, barred from departing, remain in hiding.

Baghdad has barred most foreign men from leaving and declared them eligible for what the government calls "relocation" to strategic military and industrial sites to act as shields against potential U.S. bombing. An unknown number of U.S., British, German, French and Japanese men have been interned at such sites and denied contact with their embassies.

Iraqi authorities have said that U.S. and other Western diplomats risk being taken into custody if they leave their surrounded embassies. Iraq has ordered the embassies closed and said that diplomatic immunity has ended for diplomats remaining there.

Norway, one of the countries that have refused to recognize the annexation or close their embassies, said today that it has ordered Ambassador Hans Wilhelm Longva and his two aides, including a pregnant woman, to leave by the end of the week, for humanitarian reasons.

Meanwhile, Chadli Klibi resigned as secretary general of the Arab League. Klibi, 65, a Tunisian, gave no reason, but sources in Tunis cited sharp criticism of him recently by Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Syria, which have led efforts to form an all-Arab deterrent force against Iraq.

Swift selection of a successor appeared unlikely. The Arab League charter stipulates that a secretary general must be elected unanimously, and the 21-member body has been badly split by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

Washington Post correspondent Nora Boustany contributed to this article from Amman.