MOSCOW, SEPT. 25 -- Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said today that while exiled Russian novelist Alexander Solzhenitsyn is "undoubtedly a great man," his plea for the dissolution of the Soviet Union and establishment of a democratic Slavic state is "alien" and "disrespectful."

Last week, two major Soviet publications printed a 16,000-word Solzhenitsyn manifesto entitled "How to Revitalize Russia," in which the writer argued for creation of a new state out of the Soviet Union's Slavic heartland, a state whose political system would be based on a 19th-century form of Russian local councils known as zemstvos.

Today, in the hushed chamber of the Soviet legislature, Gorbachev declared that Solzhenitsyn's article required "profound analysis" but that "to say the least" he was in profound disagreement with it.

"After reading it, I was overwhelmed with contradictory feelings," Gorbachev said. Solzhenitsyn's views "are alien to me," he said. "He is all in the past, the Russia of old, the czarist monarchy. This is not acceptable to me. I consider myself a democrat, moreover a democrat who is inclined toward radical views both for the present and the future."

Gorbachev said Solzhenitsyn's plan to consolidate the Soviet republics of Russia, Byelorussia, the Ukraine and part of Soviet Kazakhstan into the new state overlooked the cultural and political rights of non-Slavic minority peoples who live in those regions.

"I was born in the northern Caucasus, and as you know there are many nationalities there, not only Russians," Gorbachev told the legislators. "There is a legend that when God created the earth, he shook out all the leftover nationalities into Dagestan," a region near Gorbachev's native region of Stavropol.

"My mother's roots are in Chernigov {in the Ukraine}, and my father's roots are in Voronezh {in Russia}," Gorbachev said, "and one cannot travel along this land with scissors and a plow; one cannot divide it. That is a deep delusion, impermissible."

Gorbachev recently returned Soviet citizenship to Solzhenitsyn -- who was charged with treason for his writings and expelled from the country in 1974 -- but so far, Solzhenitsyn has declined to accept the offer. He has long maintained, however, that he will return to live and be buried in Russia.

The subject of Solzhenitsyn's article came up as the legislature began discussions on a new treaty of union to redefine the relationship between the Soviet central government and the 15 constituent republics that now make up the country. Gorbachev said he supports a new name for the country -- the Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics -- while others said they favored dropping the word "Socialist" and using either the Union of Soviet Sovereign States or the Union of Euro-Asian Republics.

In the midst of the session, a legislator from Kazakhstan rose and asked Gorbachev what he thought of Solzhenitsyn's article. Although the subject was not scheduled for discussion, Gorbachev seemed prepared for it, and he even glanced at notes as he spoke in measured tones.

"As a Russian," he said, "I feel pain and concern for the destiny of Russia and the Russian people, but I cannot agree with Solzhenitsyn's position with respect to other peoples, and that is putting it mildly. . . . Nonetheless, there are interesting thoughts in the article of this undoubtedly great person."