JERUSALEM, OCT. 14 -- The Israeli government declared today that it would not accept a United Nations mission appointed to investigate clashes between police and Palestinians on the Old City's Temple Mount, defying the resolution adopted by the U.N. Security Council on Friday with U.S. support.

Officials stopped short of saying the delegation, headed by U.N. official Jean Claude Aime, would be turned away by Israel. However, a senior adviser to Shamir, Avi Pazner, said, "We believe that since we decided we will not cooperate with them, they will not come."

Foreign Minister David Levy said the cabinet had "unanimously rejected the decisions" of the Security Council, which condemned Israeli police for killing at least 19 Palestinians and wounding 140 last Monday while suppressing riots on the Temple Mount, known to Moslems as Haram Sharif. Israel said the Palestinians attacked police and threw stones at Jewish worshipers at the nearby Western Wall, Judaism's holiest site.

Officials conceded that the government's decision could lead to a confrontation with the Bush administration, which regarded the resolution as a diplomatic victory because it excluded harsher language and measures against Israel advocated by the Palestine Liberation Organization. But they said Israel had been infuriated by what it considered an infringement by the United Nations on its claim to sovereignty in Jerusalem as well as by the resolution's language.

"Our relations with the United States are very important, but we should not accept and we should not ignore the sorrowful fact that the U.S. administration has made a mistake, that the United States followed this coalition it formed against Saddam Hussein," Levy said on Israel radio, referring to pressures on Washington to satisfy allies such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

"By surrendering to this decision," the Bush administration "has made a linkage between what is happening in the {Persian} Gulf and the Israeli-Arab conflict," Levy said.

{In New York, a U.N. official said there would be no comment until Israel's action could be studied.}

Official sources said the cabinet's decision overruled a recommendation by Israel's delegation at the United Nations that the mission be accepted. In June, Israel cooperated with another mission by Aime following the slaying by an Israeli civilian of seven Palestinian workers in a Tel Aviv suburb.

Right-wing politicians in the government, which was formed by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir last June and commands only a two-vote majority in parliament, demanded that the U.N. investigation be rejected. According to Israeli radio, Housing Minister Ariel Sharon, Shamir's biggest rival in the Likud party, proposed that the cabinet formally vote to bar the U.N. officials from the country, a suggestion that was turned down.

However, officials said the government's move was not forced by the far-right politicians, but reflected widespread anger in Israel over the U.N. move. "We are indignant over the blatant one-sidedness of a resolution that completely disregarded our position and the violence against our holy places," said Yossi Olmert, the director of the Government Press Office. "We were already put in the dock and convicted by the Security Council, and now they want to investigate us. It's too much."

It remained unclear what Israel would do if U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar persisted in the investigation effort. Some cabinet ministers suggested that the delegation might be allowed in, but that officials would not speak to it. Foreign Ministry officials, pointing to past instances in which Israel has deflected envoys from U.N. bodies, argued that Israel's repudiation of the investigation should cause Perez de Cuellar to cancel it.

"We said what we said, and now we'll see how the U.N. responds," said another senior official. "The next move is for the U.N. to make." A Foreign Ministry source added that the cabinet apparently had not determined what it would do if the investigation initiative continued.

Asked about the issue, Levy said, "I don't know how they will come or whether they will come, but the government of Israel decided and the decision is obligatory."

Officials said Israel's opposition to the mission was particularly strong because of its intention to probe an incident in East Jerusalem, which Israel annexed following its capture from Jordan in the 1967 Six-Day War. Officials said Shamir and senior ministers believe that by accepting an international investigation in Jerusalem, Israel would be compromising its claim to sovereignty over the city, which is not recognized by the United Nations or any foreign government.

The U.N. resolution does not spell out that the mission should probe the situation in Jerusalem, but speaks only of "a mission to the region." However, statements made concurrently with the resolution by the Security Council chairman and United States made clear that it should probe the violence on the Temple Mount and the situation of Palestinians under Israeli rule.

Israeli officials said they were also incensed by the language of the resolution, which referred to the Temple Mount solely by the Moslem designation of Haram Sharif and did not specifically mention the adjacent Western Wall or the stoning there of Jewish worshipers by Palestinian demonstrators.