The House Democratic leadership, at the suggestion of House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Dante B. Fascell (D-Fla.), is studying several steps that would allow Congress to keep track of events in the Persian Gulf crisis after the congressional session ends.

One element would be to include a provision in the adjournment resolution that would allow Speaker Thomas S. Foley (D-Wash.) and Sen. Robert C. Byrd (D-W. Va.), president pro tempore of the Senate, to reconvene Congress in the event of military action involving U.S. troops in the Persian Gulf, Fascell said yesterday in an interview.

If the 101st Congress adjourns without such a provision, only President Bush could call members back to Washington before the 102nd Congress organizes in January 1991.

"Congress should retain the right in either recess or adjournment to come back in because of the situation in the Middle East and not leave it up to the president," Fascell said.

Fascell called the move "a precaution, but common sense," adding he hoped it would "level off some of the unfair speculation that {the Bush administration} would not allow anything to happen until Congress leaves town."

Another step being pushed by Fascell, which has been discussed in the Senate, would be the creation of an informal bipartisan group of House and Senate leaders available for regular consultation during adjournment with Bush and his aides.

"Without getting too formal about it," Fascell said, "at this time with these important events in the Middle East, it would be useful if this group holds itself available, if it is not necessary to call Congress back."

Fascell and other key House members already have had some private consultations on the Persian Gulf with the president, according to House sources.

"With Bush we have had consultation," Fascell said. "Not always enough, but there is the question of how to do this without destroying {the president's} flexibility."

Fascell added that "a consultative group can work if you start out far enough in advance."

His hope, Fascell said, was that an informal group could be announced jointly by Congress and the White House, "without placing the president in a difficult position."

Foley is sympathetic to these moves, but has not had time to study them, according to an aide. House Minority Leader Robert H. Michel (R-Ill.) is "aware of the proposals," an aide said, "but he has not yet been consulted."

Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-Ore.) has circulated a letter among his Democratic colleagues asking Foley to support the move to have Congress reconvened in the event that U.S. forces attack or are attacked in the Persian Gulf.

Saying that Bush has been talking to some members of Congress about the possible use of force, DeFazio said yesterday in a statement, "Asking for the opinions of a few members of Congress does not fulfill the requirements of the Constitution."

DeFazio was the only House member to speak out against a recent amendment brought to the floor by Fascell that supported Bush's actions in the Persian Gulf. Fascell is one of 40 Democrats who have signed DeFazio's letter.