BRUSSELS, NOV. 16 -- Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said today that he has urged the United States to delay ordering military action in the Persian Gulf by up to three months to give Iraq more time to think about pulling out of Kuwait.

Mubarak told Egyptian newspaper editors that he asked President Bush "to postpone the military option, which the United States favors under an international {U.N.} umbrella . . . and allow a chance of two or three months to try to achieve peace," according to news service reports.

Mubarak's comments came as Secretary of State James A. Baker III dismissed a similar call for delay made by Soviet Middle East envoy Yevgeny Primakov.

Baker told a news conference in Brussels that Primakov's proposal to slow U.N. consideration of military action against Iraq represented only the Soviet's "personal views," and he said the proposal should not affect the close U.S.-Soviet cooperation in dealing with the Persian Gulf crisis.

In an interview with the New York Times published today, Primakov called for a new political effort to convince Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to end his occupation of Kuwait peacefully in exchange for a promise by the major powers to promote a broader settlement of Middle East disputes.

While this initiative is being pursued, Primakov said, the U.N. Security Council should avoid passing any resolutions authorizing the use of military force against Iraq. But he also said that if diplomacy fails, military action should be taken quickly against Saddam.

"I haven't seen Primakov's remarks, but I'm told he said he was speaking for himself and that those statements represent his personal views," Baker said.

Baker is canvassing the Security Council's 15 members about the chances of passing a military-force resolution. He will confer with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze in Paris on Sunday.

Since Iraq's Aug. 2 invasion of Kuwait, the Soviet Union has cooperated closely with the United States on 10 Security Council resolutions against Iraq, many of which involved establishment and enforcement of a global trade embargo on Baghdad. Moscow also has indicated that it would support -- or at least not veto -- a military-force resolution.

Baker said Washington and Moscow have "a common position" that Iraq should not be rewarded for its aggression, that there should be no partial solutions to the occupation of Kuwait and that the gulf crisis should not be linked to other Middle East issues.

"Let me make it very clear that no decision to use force has been made," he said.

In Tehran, meanwhile, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati said Saddam had not ruled out withdrawing from Kuwait, the Associated Press reported.

The Iranian official spoke in an interview with Tehran television a day after returning from a two-day visit to Baghdad, where he met twice with his Iraqi counterpart, Tariq Aziz, and once with Saddam.

In Washington, the White House had no formal reaction to Saddam's proposal for negotiations with the United States and Saudi Arabia, made in an interview broadcast Thursday night by ABC News. But White House press secretary Marlin Fitzwater dismissed it as "another propaganda speech."

Citing Bush's statements in a CNN interview Thursday, in which the president said Saddam should not be rewarded in any way for his aggression, Fitzwater said the United States was unwilling to send an envoy to Baghdad because it might "indicate to him that perhaps our resolve isn't firm that he has to leave Kuwait."

Staff writer Dan Balz in Washington contributed to this report.