MOSCOW, NOV. 18 -- The Soviet military plans to cut its manpower and weaponry to make the armed forces more efficient and less of a burden on the state, the chief of staff was quoted as saying today.

A draft of the 10-year, three-stage restructuring plan has been forwarded to the Supreme Soviet, or legislature, said Gen. Mikhail Moiseyev, the armed forces chief of staff. He made his comments in an interview with the military newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda.

The newspaper also quoted an official identified as Col. M. Ponomarev as saying: "Today, we have no apprehensions, nor do we suspect any nation of planning a war against the Soviet Union. This has allowed the Soviet leadership to adopt a new military-political doctrine of reasonable sufficiency."

The first stage of the restructuring, which depends on the signing of new arms agreements, calls for the total withdrawal of Soviet troops from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Mongolia and Germany by 1994, Moiseyev said.

Under the plan, civil defense units will be scrapped, along with the military's road construction units and some other construction units.

The second stage, to take place in 1994 and 1995, calls for the formation of a new strategic grouping of armed forces on Soviet territory, a reorganization of the central command structure and a realignment of military districts.

The third and final stage calls for a 50 percent cut in strategic offensive weapons by the year 2000. It envisions enhancing Soviet military efficiency by combining units with similar tasks and weapons.

The plan calls for eventual reduction of the size of the armed forces from more than 4 million to 3.2 million or fewer. About 1,300 generals, 22,000 officers and 250,000 non-commissioned officers would return to civilian life.

Moiseyev said the restructuring will make the armed forces "less of a burden on the state and more efficient at the same time" and would reduce it "to the corresponding level of real military danger and {bring it in line with} the new political, economic and social environment."

The draft will continue, Moiseyev said, but alternative service will be allowed for those who object to military duty on religious grounds.