February 24, 1990: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, at Arab Cooperation Council meeting in Jordan, warns of American dominance in the Persian Gulf as Soviet world power wanes. He suggests Arabs withdraw money from the West and reinvest it in the Soviet Union. Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak leaves in protest.
April 26: John Kelly, undersecretary of state for Middle Eastern affairs, opposes a congressional move to impose economic sanctions on Iraq, arguing it would hamper President Bush's ability to be a "restraining influence" on Iraq.
July 17: Saddam makes a Revolution Day speech, blasting Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates as stooges for America by keeping oil prices low. He accuses Kuwait of stealing oil from border oil fields.
July 24: Two Iraqi armored divisions mass on the Kuwait border, but Arab diplomats say Iraq has given its neighbors assurances it will not attack Kuwait.
July 25: April C. Glaspie, U.S. ambassador to Iraq, tells Saddam the United States will not take sides in his dispute with Kuwait. The Iraqi leader says the border tanks are there only to intimidate Kuwait in negotiations.
July 27: OPEC refuses Iraq's demand to raise oil prices to $25 per barrel, but does decide to raise the cartel's reference price to $21 per barrel by the end of the year.
Aug. 1: Saudi-mediated talks between Iraq and Kuwait collapse.
Aug. 2: Iraq invades Kuwait. Bush freezes Iraqi and Kuwaiti assets and bans all trade and financial relations with Iraq. U.N. Security Council condemns the invasion and demands the immediate, unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
Aug. 3: Americans and Soviets issue joint statement in Moscow condemning Iraq. Arab League issues declaration denouncing invasion, with Jordan, Libya and Palestine Liberation Organization abstaining. Iraq says it will withdraw troops from Kuwait within two days.
Aug. 4: European Community imposes broad sanctions against Iraq.
Aug. 6: U.N. Security Council approves resolution imposing comprehensive trade and financial sanctions against Iraq and Kuwait. Several hundred Westerners, including 28 U.S. nationals, are detained in Kuwait and taken to Baghdad.
Aug. 7: Bush orders U.S. military aircraft and troops to Saudi Arabia to defend it against Iraqi attack in an operation code-named Desert Shield.
Aug. 8: Iraq announces annexation of Kuwait.
Aug. 9: U.N. Security Council declares that Iraq's annexation of Kuwait "has no legal validity and is null and void." Iraq seals its borders, barring departure of all foreigners except diplomatic personnel. About 2,500 Americans are trapped in Kuwait, another 500 in Iraq.
Aug. 10: At an emergency summit in Cairo, Arab leaders vote 12 to 3 to send troops to Saudi Arabia to help defend against possible invasion by Iraqi forces. Iraq orders foreign governments to close their embassies in Kuwait City and move diplomatic functions to Baghdad by Aug. 24.
Aug. 12: Bush administration adopts a policy of "interdiction," including use of force to stop ships attempting to circumvent the U.N. embargo. Saddam says he would withdraw from Kuwait as part of a settlement of "all issues of occupation," including Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and Gaza Strip and Syrian pullout from Lebanon.
Aug. 15: Saddam offers peace proposal to Iran. Aug. 18: U.N. Security Council votes to demand that Iraq release all detained foreigners.
Aug. 19: United Arab Emirates and Bahrain allow deployment of Arab and "friendly" (including U.S.) forces on their territory. Following reports that French nationals have been RdisplacedS from their hotels to unknown locations, France authorizes its ships in the Persian Gulf to use force if necessary to ensure compliance with U.N. sanctions.
Aug. 22: Bush authorizes the first call-up of reserves in two decades. The initial mobilization is expected to number about 40,000.
Aug. 23: As deadline for closing embassies in Kuwait nears, the United States and most other Western embassies reduce staffs to minimum and vow to remain open. Oil prices continue to soar to new highs on spot and futures markets, and stock prices post broad losses.
Aug. 24: Iraqi troops surround U.S. embassy in Kuwait and those of other nations defying IraqUs order to close.
Aug. 25: U.N. Security Council approves resolution that, in effect, authorizes military action to enforce the trade sanctions against Iraq.
Aug. 28: Iraq declares Kuwait to be its 19th province. Saddam says all foreign women and children will be free to leave Iraq and Kuwait.
Aug. 29: Bush proposes a plan under which wealthy U.S. allies would share the cost of the U.S. deployment in the gulf and help those countries adversely affected by enforcement of the embargo.
Sept. 1: About 550 American, European and Japanese women and children are allowed to leave Iraq.
Sept. 2: Iraq limits consumer purchases of basic foods, calling the measure "rationalization of consumption" rather than rationing.
Sept. 9: Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki and issue a joint declaration condemning the invasion and stating that both countries will take unspecified further steps if sanctions fail to force an Iraqi withdrawal.
Sept. 10: Iran and Iraq resume diplomatic ties.
Sept. 14: Iraqi soldiers forcibly enter French, Canadian, Australian and Belgian embassies in Kuwait City, holding five Western consuls for several hours and taking four French hostages.
Sept. 17: Saudi Arabia and the Soviet Union reestablish diplomatic ties after a 52-year break. In response to "very grave illegal acts" by Iraqis who raided Western embassies, 12 European Community governments expel Iraqi military attaches and restrict the movements of other Iraqi diplomats.
Sept. 23: Saddam threatens to attack Saudi oil fields and Israel if Iraq is "strangled" by economic sanctions.
Sept. 25: U.N. Security Council votes to bar all air traffic to and from Iraq and Kuwait save for humanitarian purposes.
Sept. 28: The exiled emir of Kuwait tells Bush that Iraq is pillaging his country and repopulating it with outsiders, jeopardizing the prospects of restoring the former government even if Iraqi forces withdraw. After the emir's two-hour session at the White House, U.S. officials say the timetable for possible military action against Iraq is shortening.
Oct. 13: Kuwait's exiled rulers promise a meeting in Jeddah of more than 1,000 Kuwaiti exiles to restore a democratic parliament if their country is freed from Iraqi occupation.
Oct. 19: Iraq announces gasoline rationing, indicating that the international embargo has curtailed supplies of chemicals needed in refining crude oil.
Oct. 23: Iraq says it will free all 400 French hostages. Thirty-three Britons fly out with former prime minister Edward Heath. His visit, followed by JapanUs Yasuhiro Nakasone and GermanyUs Willy Brandt, turns Baghdad into what the State Department calls a "hostage bazaar."
Oct. 28: Saddam rescinds gasoline rationing and fires his oil minister; government radio explains that rationing had been introduced "on the basis of erroneous information."
Oct. 29: U.N. Security Council votes to demand that Iraq resupply beleaguered Western embassies in Kuwait, establishes a framework for financial claims against Iraq for its invasion and urges states to collate information about Baghdad's human rights violations.
Nov. 5: Secretary of State James A. Baker III and Saudi Arabia's King Fahd reach a new military command and control agreement, guaranteeing that American troops will be under the command of American officers if an offensive operation against Iraq is launched.
Nov. 8: Bush orders a new wave of U.S. troops to the Persian Gulf to create an "adequate offensive military option should that be necessary." Pentagon officials say the reinforcements could number 200,000, which would bring the total American deployment to about 430,000.
Nov. 9: Pentagon officials confirm that they have postponed plans to begin rotating any of the U.S. troops already in the gulf in order to keep American forces at maximum strength.
Nov. 19: Iraq says it will pour 250,000 more troops into Kuwait in response to the American buildup, which would bring the Iraqi total to about 680,000.
Nov. 20: Saddam proposes the release of all German hostages.
Nov. 22: Bush spends Thanksgiving Day visiting troops in Saudi Arabia and warns that Iraq's progress in developing nuclear weapons gives the soldiers' mission a sense of urgency.
Nov. 23: Bush, declaring he would "work with" any nation willing to oppose Iraqi aggression, meets with Syrian leader Hafez Assad in Geneva.
Nov. 28: Two former joint chiefs of staff, retired Gen. David C. Jones and retired Adm. William J. Crowe Jr., tell Congress that the United States should refrain for now from military action and allow sanctions more time to work.
Nov. 29: U.N. Security Council approves a resolution effectively authorizing the use of force against Iraq if it does not withdraw from Kuwait by Jan. 15.
Nov. 30: Bush invites Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz to Washington and offers to send Baker to Baghdad before Jan. 15 to meet Saddam to discuss a possible peaceful solution to the gulf crisis. Easing a four-month siege of the U.S. embassy in Kuwait, Iraqi troops deliver fruit, vegetables and cigarettes to diplomatic personnel inside the mission.
Dec. 6: Saddam asks IraqUs Parliament to free all foreign hostages.
Dec. 7: State Department announces the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait City will be abandoned once all Americans who want to leave Kuwait and Iraq have gone.
Dec. 8: Iraq proposes that Baker come to see Saddam on Jan. 12. U.S. officials insist instead that the meeting take place no later than Jan. 3.
Dec. 12: Saddam replaces his defense minister with a younger general who fought in the war against Iran.
Dec. 19: Deputy commander of U.S. forces in the gulf, Lt. Gen. Calvin A.H. Waller, tells reporters that American troops will not be ready to attack Iraq by Jan. 15.
Jan. 2: NATO announces that Germany, Belgium and Italy will send 42 jet fighters to Turkey to reinforce defenses along the border with Iraq.
Jan. 3: Bush, saying he is making "one last attempt" to avoid a war in the gulf, proposes that Baker meet Aziz between Jan. 7 and 9 in Geneva to try to settle the crisis peacefully.
Jan. 4: Aziz agrees to meet Baker in Geneva on Jan. 9. Bush rules out any future meeting between Baker and Saddam in Baghdad.
Jan. 6: Saudi King Fahd reviews U.S. and other troops in his country, and says that Saddam could escape "any further punishment" by pulling his troops out of Kuwait, adding that Saudi Arabia would then support any negotiated agreement on territorial and financial disputes between Iraq and Kuwait.
Jan. 8: Bush asks Congress to approve a resolution authorizing the use of "all necessary means" to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.
Jan. 9: Baker and Aziz meet in Geneva, but more than six hours of talks fail to break the diplomatic impasse as Iraq shows no sign of buckling to international demands.
Jan. 10: U.S. Congress begins debate on the gulf crisis.
Jan. 11: U.N. Secretary General Perez de Cuellar, en route to Baghdad for talks with Saddam, suggests a neutral peacekeeping force could be deployed to preserve peace along Iraq's borders with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia if Iraq withdraws. The State Department recommends Americans living in Israel consider leaving, the latest in a series of advisories cautioning U.S. citizens around the world about threats to their safety in case of war.
Jan. 12: A divided and solemn Congress grants Bush the authority to wage war against Iraq. The vote in the Senate is 52-to-47; the House vote is 250-to-183.
Jan. 13: Perez de Cuellar ends talks in Baghdad without any report of progress, saying that "only God knows" if there will be war. Yesterday: Perez de Cuellar says he does not "see any reason to have real hope" that war will be averted in the gulf. Iraq's National Assembly calls for a "holy war" to defend the occupation of Kuwait. Bush spends his day in conversations with international leaders and in White House sessions devoted to the gulf crisis.