UNITED NATIONS, JAN. 19 -- The president of the U.N. Security Council relayed the contents of three peace proposals to the ambassador of Iraq today in the first signs of diplomatic activity following the outbreak of war in the Persian Gulf.

Diplomats said the initiatives -- by the Soviet Union, India and Algeria -- are unlikely to halt the fighting now but could lay the groundwork for future negotiations. "We want to have something to build on when the moment is ripe," said one diplomat, adding that neither Iraq nor the U.S.-led coalition fighting Baghdad appears to favor a diplomatic solution at the moment.

One initial problem in sparking a discussion of the proposals is that Iraq's ambassador, Abdul Amir Anbari, has been unable to relay their contents to Baghdad, presumably because the heavy air attacks on the Iraqi capital have knocked out communications facilities.

"I cannot communicate directly to Baghdad," Anbari told reporters. "There's no fax, no telex, no telephone, nothing." He added that he had been unable to get through for "two, maybe three, days."

"First I have to consult with my government, one way or another. . . . Perhaps the American government might help us." When asked if he was prepared to approach Washington, he said, "Well, I might ask, although I don't think they'll be very cooperative."

According to diplomats, the Indian proposal is an attempt to explore "new thinking" on ways of implementing the 12 Security Council resolutions passed against Iraq calling on it to withdraw from Kuwait and authorizing the use of force against Baghdad.

The Indian proposal leaves unclear how this would be done but, like the other initiatives, appears aimed at providing a fig leaf for an Iraqi withdrawal.

The Algerian proposal calls for a cease-fire, while the Soviet initiative is designed "to convince President Saddam Hussein to apply the resolutions of the Security Council and to instruct his forces to withdraw from Kuwait," according to Bagbeni Adeito Nzengaya, the council president and the ambassador of Zaire.

Diplomats said the Soviet proposal also had been relayed separately to Iraq by Soviet officials in Baghdad on Thursday.

The Los Angeles Times added from Washington:

Moscow's ambassador in Iraq, Viktor Posovalyuk, went to one of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's military command bunkers in Baghdad Friday, the second day of the U.S.-led air war, to give the Iraqi leader a chance to ask for a cease-fire, diplomats said. But the Soviet envoy was not allowed to see Saddam, U.S. officials said.

"I hope that {the Iraqis} realize, if they decide it's time to call it quits, that we are there," Soviet Foreign Ministry spokesman Vitaly Churkin said in Moscow Saturday. "We continue to maintain constant contacts with Baghdad, but we have not received any response to our appeals."

The Soviet government also sent appeals to Israel, several Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization, urging them to refrain from turning the war into an Arab-Israeli conflict.

Later on Friday, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev telephoned President Bush and, in a 45-minute conversation, outlined his contacts with the Iraqis, a senior U.S. official said.