CAVERSHAM PARK, England, Jan. 25 -- Beyond the conflict of planes and missiles, a second air war is being waged in the Persian Gulf: the war of the airwaves, much of it recorded by the British Broadcasting Corp.'s massive listening post here.

Although damaged by allied attacks, Iraq's government-controlled radio and television are still broadcasting Iraqi military communiques, speeches and news reports, belying the claims of allied commanders that they have destroyed or "degraded" Iraq's communications networks.

An inventive mix of raw propaganda, invective and apparent disinformation, the Iraqi broadcasts reveal to analysts many telling things about President Saddam Hussein's besieged regime: its strategies, its self-justifications, even its dreams.

There are songs to Saddam -- "the loved one of God, the sword of manhood" -- news reports, denunciations of "war criminals" such as President Bush and British Prime Minister John Major, plus attacks on their Arab "henchmen," Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and Saudi Arabia's King Fahd. There are regular allegations of allied bombing of civilian targets -- including the Iraqi Museum in Baghdad on Thursday -- and repeated calls for Arabs to rise up and join Iraq's struggle.

There is also analysis and prognostication. "America wanted a quick war but Iraq will make this war a protracted one," Baghdad radio warned Thursday. Once the expected ground battle between Iraq and the allies begins, it added, "The sands will turn into pools of blood for them {the allies} to swim in, and their bodies will be scattered throughout the battlefield."

Iraq's opponents are seeking to counter the government's messages with broadcasts of their own, some aimed directly at the Iraqi people. The Voice of Free Iraq, which informed Arab sources say is transmitted from Saudi Arabia and financed by the Saudis and Kuwait's government in exile, has expanded its broadcasts to 12 hours per day. The sources say the jamming equipment Iraq once used to drown out its signal has stopped functioning.

Last week the Voice of Free Iraq appealed directly to Iraqi soldiers inside Kuwait to lay down their arms and flee to Saudi Arabia. "We know that you came to Kuwait without conviction or being consulted," it said. "We know that many of you did not fight your Kuwaiti brothers . . . because if a Moslem commits an act of aggression against his Moslem brother, then this would be an act of treachery and injustice.

"Here are your brothers. We welcome you in the land of Saudi Arabia. You will find among us all kinds of care, attention and honor. May God cast light on your way and guide you to the right path. Do not throw yourselves into death."

Baghdad's main telecommunications building was destroyed on the second day of the allied bombing campaign, and much of the city is functioning without electricity. Yet radio transmitters are still broadcasting on a dozen short-wave frequencies. Each of the Iraqi high command's 21 military communiques has been repeated a half-dozen times on the air, and each day at 12:30 p.m. there is an extended news program.

Iraqi television was cut off from Arabsat, the communications satellite owned by a consortium of Arab countries, reportedly after its earth station was hit in a bombing raid. But the television station is still broadcasting within Iraq.

Just as Bush has portrayed the gulf war to Americans as a conflict between good and evil, the Iraqi broadcast media have done the same, with the two sides' labels reversed. The allies are "atheists" and destroyers; the Iraqis are pure defenders of their homeland. Kuwait is almost never mentioned. Broadcasts indicate that the conflict has become something much larger than a dispute over oil and territory.

"Arab civilization, its future and destiny, and the national, pan-Arab and Islamic progress, renaissance and awakening constitute the target" of the U.S.-led attacks, said Baghdad radio last week. "This is the battle of all honest Arabs and all the Moslems and free people in the world."

"There are two main themes to the Iraqi broadcasts," said Adam Raphael, a BBC radio newscaster who has been monitoring the transmissions in Caversham Park, west of London. "The first is that 'We have God on our side and therefore we will win, and all the Western technology is useless when up against strong Iraqi men under the protection of God.'

"The second is that Bush, Major and {French President Francois} Mitterrand are war criminals and that the allies are violating human rights by deliberately bombing civilian areas."

Baghdad radio this morning accused the allies of targeting "civilian neighborhoods in villages, hamlets and small towns and nomads in their tents, . . . holy shrines and residential targets far away from any military or other vital target."

The countries surrounding Iraq are broadcasting as well, and the variations in their language and vehemence delineate their often subtle differences in attitudes toward the conflict.

Syria and Iran are Middle Eastern allies and longtime opponents of Saddam. Both have called for an end to the hostilities, while stressing that Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait. Yet their media's approaches to the conflict are strikingly different.

Damascus radio has called repeatedly for Saddam's overthrow. "All efforts . . . must be pooled to help the Iraqi people and army to get rid of the mentality that led Iraq to this appalling massacre, so that the murderer of his people and the destroyer of his army and country can be disposed of once and for all," it said earlier this week.

Damascus radio has also accused the news media in neighboring Jordan of "nurturing {Saddam's} megalomania."

Iranian broadcasts, by contrast, have been sympathetic at times to Iraq and harshly critical of the United States and its war effort. The state-controlled Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Thursday broadcast a speech by former interior minister Ali Akbar Mohtashemi, one of Iran's hard-line anti-Western leaders, to the country's parliament in which he repeated a call for holy war against the United States.

"America has come to uproot Islam and the Moslems," he said.