A House subcomittee has fired another shot in the "perk wars" between Congress and the White House by releasing a list of salaries for White House employees, ranging from high-powered advisers to telephone operators and maids.

The 60-page list shows that the top employees were paid $125,100, more than 10 times as much as the lowest paid "student assistants," who received $12,385. Full- and part-time employees are not clearly distinguished on the list, which includes political appointees and civil servants.

More men than women receive top salaries, and some female supervisors earned significantly less than men with apparently similar responsibilities.

Over White House objections, the House Post Office and Civil Service human resources subcommittee, which earlier questioned President Bush's travel expenses, decided Thursday to make public the salaries of more than 1,000 White House employees during fiscal year 1991. The pay figures were first disclosed by States News Service.

The human resources subcommittee also endorsed legislation that would mandate the White House disclose salary and operating expenditures twice a year.

Rep. Paul E. Kanjorski (D-Pa.), the subcommittee's chairman, and Rep. James P. Moran (D-Va.) argued that expenditures for the White House ought to be public, just as House and Senate expenses are. Agreeing with the Democrats was the panel's ranking Republican, Rep. Dan Burton (Ind.), who at other hearings has denounced inquiries about executive travel expenses as partisan, election-year attacks.

"His salary and our salaries are public record, and people can look that up. So why not the White House?" Mark A. Walker, a spokesman for Burton, asked.

One Democratic subcommittee aide described the release as "full disclosure," the same slogan that Republican members used to press the House to divulge the names of members who had at least one overdraft at the now-closed House Bank.

The White House submitted the salary list with each page stamped "not for publication" in two places and asked the subcommittee not to release the information.

A White House spokeswoman accused the subcommittee of playing politics in releasing the kind of information it has kept confidential since 1978. "Why did they choose to disregard their 14-year practice of not publishing names?" asked Judy A. Smith, White House spokeswoman.

"President Bush has been campaigning on the basis that Congress is full of perks and privilege," Moran said. "If there's more perks up in Congress than in the White House, he should be willing to disclose {the list} . . . . I don't see who gets hurt by public disclosure unless there's something they don't want the public to know."

Just like power in the Bush White House, compensation in 1991 was more heavily distributed to men than women.

A total of 15 men received the top pay, compared to two women -- Cabinet Secretary Edith E. Holiday and then-personnel director Constance J. Horner.

The top-paid men included then-chief of staff John H. Sununu, press secretary Marlin Fitzwater, then-deputy chief of staff Andrew H. Card Jr. (now transportation secretary), counsel C. Boyden Gray, national security adviser Brent Scowcroft and Sigmund Rogich, who was then "assistant to the president for public events."

A gender disparity is also evident in salaries of people who look after the First Family's living quarters. The chief usher was paid $83,141 and the executive chef, $67,806. Female supervisors in fiscal 1991 earned less: the curator, $57,646; the executive housekeeper, $55,185; and the chief florist, $54,037.

Besides student assistants, workers who earned the least included a "labor foreman" at $13,350, telephone operator trainees at $15,677 and "correspondence review analyst" at $16,973.

The names of about 90 employees detailed to the White House from other agencies are included in the list, but their salaries and home agencies are not specified.