African American leaders yesterday ended a three-day conference on crime with proposals for government actions to ease inner-city conditions where crime thrives as well as steps blacks can take to help their youth develop more productively.

The National Rainbow Coalition proposals -- apparently backed by the elected officials, ministers, business people and activists who stood with Jesse L. Jackson as he announced them -- make up a plan that challenges 100 churches to provide mentors for at least 10 young men each and challenges parents to become more involved in their children's education.

On April 4, the 26th anniverary of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination, Jackson said youth from around the country will march on the White House to challenge the Clinton administration to devise what they consider a coherent urban policy and a meaningful jobs bill.

The plan also pledges lobbying opposition to the crime bills pending in Congress -- because they emphasize prisons and penalties rather than crime prevention -- and to any administration welfare reform proposal that does not include training and jobs.

After three days of panel discussions, brainstorming sessions and debates, Jackson declared yesterday, "We are analyzed out. It's now time to act."

Jackson and representatives of the National Black Caucus of Local Elected Officials and other organizations plan to meet President Clinton to discuss the measures.

Black leaders at the conference, sponsored by the Rainbow Coalition, reflected a sense of alarm about the heavy toll violent crime is taking on black communities, both in terms of victims and in terms of the lost human resources represented by young black males who perpetrate much of the violence.

Calls for more self-help approaches were made at the conference, where yesterday one speaker, Tom Skinner, a Washington businessman, said that "for too long we have sidestepped the issue of African American people taking responsibility."

The alarm among black leaders also is spurred by the level of racial fear being inspired by crime that some say is driving political and policy decisions, such as the crime bill.

But not everyone at the conference was critical of the crime bill.

"I believe the crime bill . . . is part of the answer, and the crime bill should be supported by us," Baltimore Mayor Kurt Schmoke said. "We do need to send a signal throughout our communities that certain types of activities will not be tolerated, that people will be held accountable and that if there is evil manifested by actions taken by individuals who choose to prey upon our residents that that evil will be responded to quickly and correctly."

The crime bill would increase prison space, hike criminal penalties -- including mandatory minimum sentencing -- expand the federal death penalty and allow juveniles as young as 13 to be charged as adults for handgun crimes.

"I look at our crime bill as one more expense," said Surgeon General Jocelyn Elders. "I don't see the great investment in prevention." Elders said enhanced early childhood educational supports are needed.

Rep. Kweisi Mfume (D-Md.), chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, said the crime bill would not reduce crime, but would "find better ways to incarcerate people, to be tougher on those who {commit} crime, and to give us a sense that we are more secure as a result of the new prisons and the tougher sentences."

On job training, the Rainbow plan urged replication of a program devised by Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.) for 5,000 Los Angeles youth to be linked with small stipends, social workers and job training while being given extensive life-correcting attention.

Many at the conference criticized the Clinton administration for failing to pass a jobs bill last year as promised and for not having a coherent urban strategy.

But Housing and Urban Development Secretary Henry Cisneros listed several features of Clinton's urban approach -- such as proposed health care reform, expected welfare reforms and community development banks -- that represent a comprehensive strategy "beginning to take hold."

Al Sharpton, a New York activist, responded that the White House must outline "not something that resembles urban policy, but something that is in fact urban policy."