Liberal judges have an unlikely ally: Justice Antonin Scalia, one of the most conservative members of the Supreme Court.

He is opposed to a move backed by some Republicans in Congress to impeach liberal judges.

"I don't think that's going anywhere," Scalia told hundreds of members of a Jewish civil rights group, the Anti-Defamation League, earlier this week. "I think . . . it shouldn't go anywhere."

He added, "I think we have enough respect for our courts, enough understanding in the country that if you let the legislature intrude too much on the judiciary we'll be in trouble."

Scalia passed up the chance to make a speech Monday and instead responded to audience members' questions for nearly an hour. His comments offered insights into his conservative views and sense of humor.

"I do not believe in the living Constitution, this document that morphs from generation to generation," he said at one point. "I favor what some might call the dead Constitution, but I prefer to call it the enduring Constitution."

Grinning, he added, "It's all spin."

Scalia called himself an "originalist" who seeks to be "faithful to the {Constitution's} text."

"There's no room in {my} judicial philosophy for my political or religious beliefs," he said, noting his unhappiness in casting the controlling vote when the court, 5 to 4, struck down in 1990 a law that banned flag burning.

Scalia said he reads the Constitution's First Amendment to include a freedom of expression that encompasses those who seek to make political statements by burning a flag.

"I came down to breakfast the next morning, and my wife is humming Stars and Stripes Forever.' This does not make for a happy camper," he said.

Scalia disagreed with a proposal by Robert H. Bork, whose Supreme Court nomination was rejected by the Senate in 1987, to let Congress override the highest court's constitutional rulings.

"Bork essentially has given up," he said. "I'm not so pessimistic. I'm not ready to throw in the towel. . . . We can get back."

Asked about church-state separation, Scalia said he believes the Constitution's framers wanted to be sure that Congress did not favor one religion over another. But in recent decades, he said, the Supreme Court has gone beyond that to require governmental neutrality between religion and nonreligion.

"That has never been the practice in the United States of America," he said. Scalia said he has changed his mind and now opposes televising federal court proceedings, including Supreme Court argument sessions. "The justices are overwhelmingly against it," he said.