The lobbying industry thrived in 1998. Here are the top 10 lobbying firms and their largest clients, according to a Center for Responsive Politics analysis. Political contributions include those of the firm, employees and immediate family.

Rank

Lobbying firm

1998 Lobbying receipts

To Democrats

To Republicans

1.Cassidy and Assoc. $19,890,000 63% 37%

2.Verner, Liipfert 18,775,000 58% 42%

3.Patton Boggs LLP 14,390,000 74% 26%

4.Akin, Gump 11,800,000 52% 48%

5.Preston, Gates 10,150,000 44% 55%

6.Barbour, Griffith & Rogers 7,410,000 1% 99%

7.Washington Counsel 7,251,000 46% 54%

8.Williams & Jensen 7,060,000 40% 60%

9.Baker, Donelson 6,820,000 23% 77%

10.Hogan & Hartson 6,546,111 52% 49%

Cassidy & Associates

Rank Receipts Client

1. $760,000 Boston University

2. 720,000 Hunton & Williams

3. 600,000 Lincoln Electric

4. 460,000 United Space Alliance

Verner, Liipfert

Rank Receipts Client

1. $3,620,000 Philip Morris

2. 1,910,000 RJR Nabisco

3. 1,260,000 Brown & Williamson Tobacco

4. 1,000,000 Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide

Patton Boggs LLP

Rank Receipts Client

1. $960,000 Smokeless Tobacco Council

2. 700,000 Association of Trial Lawyers of America

2. 700,000 Mars Inc.

4. 380,000 Pacific Lumber & Shipping

Akin, Gump

Rank Receipts Client

1. $1,060,000 Citizens Educational Foundation

2. 700,000 Mobil Oil

3. 660,000 Motion Picture Association of America

4. 480,000 Mortgage Insurance Companies of America

Preston, Gates

Rank Receipts Client

1. $1,400,000 Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

2. 1,360,000 Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands

3. 800,000 Pitney Bowes Inc.

4. 760,000 Future of Puerto Rico Inc.

Barbour, Griffith & Rogers

Rank Receipts Client

1. $1,340,000 American Financial Services Association

2. 880,000 Philip Morris

3. 600,000 Microsoft Corp.

4. 440,000 RJR Nabisco

Washington Counsel

Rank Receipts Client

1. $480,000 Merrill Lynch

2. $440,000 RJ Reynolds Tobacco

3. $310,000 Anheuser-Busch

4. $295,000 Aetna Inc.

Williams & Jensen

Rank Receipts Client

1. $1,040,000 Owens-Illinois

2. 640,000 Ad Hoc Coalition of Commercial and Investment Banks

3. 580,000 First Union Corp.

3. 580,000 Security Traders Association

5. 320,000 Time Warner

Baker, Donelson

Rank Receipts Client

1. $1,400,000 Philip Morris

2. 720,000 RJR Nabisco

3. 340,000 American Standard

4. 320,000 Schering-Plough Corp.

Hogan & Hartson

Rank Receipts Client

1. $440,000 Host Marriott Corp.

2. 360,000 Coste Enterprises Inc.

3. 260,000 National Structured Settlements Association

4. 240,000 American Cancer Society

4. 240,000 Protein Technologies International

4. 240,000 Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America