Cold Weather Hampers Quake Rescue

DUZCE, Turkey--Power generators fired up across the earthquake zone in northwest Turkey for the third night to provide light for the search for survivors under collapsed buildings.

With freezing temperatures hampering rescue work and making survival less and less likely, the government began to focus yesterday on sheltering those made homeless by Friday's jolt, Turkey's second major quake in three months. It measured 7.2 on the Richter scale.

"Demand for tents and prefabricated houses has increased greatly, not only from those whose homes were wrecked or damaged but also others in fear of further earthquakes," Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said in Ankara.

Ecevit said 349 people had been killed in the quake and 2,386 injured, a downward revision from a toll of 374 reported earlier by the Health Ministry.

Macedonia Holds Presidential Runoff

SKOPJE, Macedonia--Early unofficial results of Sunday's Macedonian presidential elections show ethnic Albanian voters appear to have steered the ballot toward moderate Boris Trajkovski of the ruling party, his opponents said.

Former Communist Tito Petkovski confirmed that Trajkovski was leading by some 48,000 votes. Petkovski had rejected minority Albanian demands for more rights in Macedonia, an impoverished Balkan country.

Official figures on how many votes Trajkovski had or what percentage of the vote had been counted were unavailable and were not expected until Monday morning.

"Let me extend the first public congratulations to Macedonia's new president--Boris Trajkovski," said Prime Minister Ljubco Georgijevski, also from the ruling party.

Minutes before polls closed at 7 p.m. local time, Petkovski's headquarters accused Trajkovski's party of manipulations, "serious encroachments of the democratic process" and "forgeries" in the western part of Macedonia, where much of the Albanian population is concentrated, the private Telma television reported. Trajkovski's group immediately rejected the allegations. According to the same TV channel, some 50 percent had cast ballots by 6 p.m.

Serbian Opposition Signs Unity Pact

SZENTENDRE, Hungary--Serbian opposition leaders, royalists and democrats signed a declaration to unite their efforts to oust Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

The document was signed after three days of talks at one of broadest meetings of opposition leaders since NATO ended its bombing campaign in June.

The meeting was attended by representatives of the influential Serbian Renewal Movement; Zoran Djindjic, a leader of the Alliance for Change opposition umbrella group; the Serbian Orthodox leader of Kosovo, Bishop Artemije; and Crown Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic, the son of Yugoslavia's last king.

Serbia's fragmented opposition has had difficulty putting aside differences. The declaration said the main task of Serbian democratic forces was to form an alliance, oust the government and establish a new cabinet through free elections.


Palestinians Balk at Israeli Withdrawal

TEL AVIV--Israel will carry out a planned withdrawal from an additional 3 percent of the West Bank today, although the Palestinians have not approved the redeployment plan, officials said.

With U.S. envoy Dennis Ross headed to the region to meet negotiators from both sides, Israel and the Palestinians could not agree on which areas would be included in the transfer.

Israeli officials insisted the transfer did not require Palestinian agreement. However, the Palestinians said they rejected a unilateral pullout. They are demanding that the withdrawal areas include more population centers.

The withdrawal is the second of three pullouts mandated by accords signed in September. By January, the Palestinians will have full or partial control of 39 percent of the West Bank.

Two Die in Navy Jet Crash in Persian Gulf

MANAMA, Bahrain--Two members of a U.S. Navy aircraft crew were killed when their S-3B Viking crashed into the Persian Gulf.

Officials said the the plane, assigned to Sea Control Squadron 32 operating aboard the USS John F. Kennedy, was on a routine refueling mission. Helicopters from the carrier recovered the crew 20 minutes later, officials said.

Identities were being withheld until relatives could be notified. The cause of the crash was under investigation, the statement said.


Congo President Vows to Crush Rebels

KINSHASA, Congo--Signaling the likely collapse of Congo's cease-fire, President Laurent Kabila vowed to crush rebels fighting to oust him, including a Rwanda-backed faction he described as "dogs." In an address broadcast on state television and radio, Kabila accused the country's rebels of using a July 10 peace accord to extort concessions from the government by threatening to resume fighting.

Jean-Pierre Bemba, head of the Congolese Liberation Movement, a rebel faction backed by Uganda, accused government troops last week of violating the cease-fire and vowed to resume fighting.

Kabila's remarks were the latest setback for the peace accord, signed by government and rebel forces and their allies. On Saturday, Kabila's government imposed an overnight curfew in the western half of the area it controls, declaring that rebels were preparing for a major assault.


"The level of corruption is enough to make your hair stand on end!"

-- Hu Dan, manager of a state-run cashmere firm in China, who was killed in August. Friends believe he was slain because he ferreted out corruption and made the company profitable. --Page A1

CAPTION: A girl leaves a makeshift hospital in Duzce in northwest Turkey after receiving first aid for wounds sustained during Friday's earthquake.