Here are the key issues that were being negotiated by trade ministers of the World Trade Organization in Seattle.
* Farm goods. General agreement was reached to begin negotiations aimed at substantial and progressive reductions in agricultural export subsidies. But the European Union drew the line at total elimination of subsidies and won agreement that noneconomic factors -- such as the preservation of the environment and rural communities -- would be considered, although nailing down the details of those modifications kept negotiators working until the last minute. General agreement also was reached on establishing a WTO group to study trade in genetically modified foods. The United States wants to keep this trade open.
* Services. Many countries bar foreign services firms -- banks, schools, insurers, telecommunications firms, transport companies. The United States wanted negotiations to open up a long list of service industries but had to settle for a more modest round in which no sector was excluded but countries would be allowed to choose to participate or not.
* Dumping. Negotiators agreed to consider tweaking existing rules governing national anti-dumping regimes -- laws that make it illegal to sell goods below cost. Some countries want the rules tightened because of what they view as misuse by the United States to protect its industries against legitimate competition.
* Technology. Agreement was reached to extend a moratorium on imposing new tariffs to electronic transmissions across borders. But negotiators could not agree on launching a further round of negotiations aimed at lowering tariffs for additional high-technology hardware.
* WTO transparency. Ministers ordered the WTO staff to find ways to make its documents and decisions more readily available to the public. But they appeared to stop short of opening up the agency's dispute resolution process or allowing formal input into that process from nongovernmental organizations.
* Labor standards. It was unclear whether developing countries would agree even to a watered-down U.S. proposal to establish a group, outside the WTO structure, to look at the impact of trade on labor standards. Developing countries fear it could be the first step toward imposing minimum labor standards on them, which they view as undue interference and a way for advanced countries to keep their goods out.
* Poorest countries. Ministers agreed to give the world's poorest countries extensions of up to three years to implement WTO requirements, including adoption of patent protections, lowering of tariffs and trade barriers and elimination of domestic-content laws.