The number of executive titles in the top layers of the federal bureaucracy has more than tripled, from 17 in 1960 to 64 today, according to a study by the Brookings Institution. Below are the titles for 2004, with those in bold the ones that also existed in 1960.

Secretary

Chief of staff to the secretary

Deputy chief of staff to the secretary

Deputy secretary

Chief of staff to the deputy secretary

Deputy chief of staff

Deputy deputy secretary

Principal associate deputy secretary

Associate deputy secretary

Deputy associate deputy secretary

Assistant deputy secretary

Undersecretary

Chief of staff to the undersecretary

Principal deputy undersecretary

Deputy undersecretary

Chief of staff to the deputy undersecretary

Principal associate deputy undersecretary

Associate deputy undersecretary

Principal assistant deputy undersecretary

Assistant deputy undersecretary

Associate undersecretary

Assistant undersecretary

Assistant secretary

Chief of staff to the assistant secretary

Deputy chief of staff to the assistant secretary

Principal deputy assistant secretary

Associate principal deputy assistant secretary

Deputy assistant secretary

Chief of staff to the deputy assistant secretary

Principal deputy deputy assistant secretary

Deputy deputy assistant secretary

Associate deputy assistant secretary

Chief of staff to the associate deputy assistant secretary

Deputy associate assistant secretary

Assistant deputy assistant secretary

Principal associate assistant secretary

Associate assistant secretary

Chief of staff to the associate assistant secretary

Deputy associate assistant secretary

Principal assistant assistant secretary

Assistant assistant secretary

Chief of staff to the assistant assistant secretary

Deputy assistant assistant secretary

Administrator

Chief of staff to the administrator

Deputy chief of staff to the administrator

Assistant chief of staff to the administrator

Principal deputy administrator

Deputy administrator

Chief of staff to the deputy administrator

Associate deputy administrator

Deputy associate deputy administrator

Assistant deputy administrator

Deputy assistant deputy administrator

Senior associate administrator

Associate administratorChief of staff to the associate administrator

Deputy executive associate administrator

Deputy associate administrator

Assistant administrator

Chief of staff to the assistant administrator

Deputy assistant administrator

Associate assistant administrator

Associate deputy assistant administrator

The list includes all positions defined in statute as Executive Level I -- V. Some titles such as assistant assistant secretary may sound odd, but they actually refer to positions such as assistant inspector general and assistant general counsel.

SOURCE: Paul C. Light of New York University for the Brookings Institution