First Canadian Cattle

Since Ban Enter U.S.

The first new shipment of Canadian cattle rolled into the United States yesterday, four days after a federal appeals court ended a 2-year ban instituted because of mad cow disease.

Thirty-five black Angus cattle crossed the border around noon at Lewiston, N.Y., near Niagara Falls, according to the shipper, Schaus Land and Cattle Co. of Elmwood, Ontario.

In Washington state, a common destination for Canadian cattle, another Canadian shipper submitted a request to cross the border.

Last Thursday, a three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit overturned a Montana judge's decision that had kept the border closed.

Animal Health Chief

Needed, Panel Says

Consolidating U.S. animal disease oversight under one high-level government director may be the best way to protect consumers from mad cow disease, bird flu and other serious animal ailments that can jump from one species to another, a National Academy of Sciences panel said.

The academy's National Research Council, which advises the government on scientific and environmental matters, criticized the current animal health system as too convoluted at a time when new diseases are emerging and experts worry about bioterrorism targeted at the food supply.

More than 200 U.S. government offices, seven Cabinet-level departments and hundreds of state and local agencies share the responsibility for animal health.

Panel Signals Doubts

On Base-Closings Plan

The base-closing commission expressed reservations about parts of the Pentagon's proposal to restructure domestic military bases, including its plan to disband or move dozens of Air National Guard units.

On the eve of a commission vote on whether to add about a dozen facilities to those the Defense Department has proposed closing or shrinking, panel members questioned why several were left off the list. These included the Naval Shipyard at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the Marine Corps Recruit Depot in San Diego.

Commission Chairman Anthony J. Principi has pledged to independently analyze Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld's list of 62 major bases and hundreds of smaller installations. The commission will make any needed changes before sending it to President Bush for approval this fall.

"We want to make sure the best possible closure or realignment choices are made," Principi said.

Dina Powell Sworn In

At State Department

Dina Habib Powell, an Egyptian-born former White House official, was sworn in by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to promote educational and cultural exchanges.

The appointment of Powell as an assistant secretary of state is part of an effort by the Bush administration to include Arab Americans in prominent positions.

Powell emigrated to the United States from Cairo at age 4, graduated from the University of Texas at Austin and worked for Republicans in Congress before becoming director of congressional affairs in the White House.

-- From News Services