Although they have been around for many years, interior paints that create three-dimensional textured finishes on walls and ceiling are again becoming popular with homeowners and apartment dwellers.
Particularly suitable for do-it-yourself painters who have problem walls or ceilings that need redecorating, these paints have a much heavier body that ordinary flat paints, an a creamy consistency that makes them easy to apply without dripping or spattering.
Because they go on in much thicker layers than regular paint they completely cover minor cracks, shallow depressions, small bumps, discolored areas other belmishes in old plaster walls.
On drywall (gypsum board) construction these paints will hide poorly finished or cracked seams and joints without previous patching or other preparation - in fact, they will even cover tightly butted joints without the need for joining and seaming in some cases.
Another popular use for textured paint is decorating and refinishing walls or ceilings that have been a problem for years due to the need for frequent patching, or due to cracked and peeling paint that has been partially scraped off many times. The un-even surface that results from many years of this kind of treatment is very difficult to patch smoothly and almost always leaves a rough bumpy surface that shows through on subsequent coats. One coat of texture paint will cover a wall or ceiling of this king without showing the unattractive irregularites that would otherwise show through when conventional paint is applied.
While the ability to cover blemishes an irregularities is one of the most popular features of a texture paint, it is not the only advantage - just as popular is the decorative flexibility it provides through use of textures and three-dimensional patterns, varying from simple, shallow stipples to coarse, stucco-like Spanish textures. The possibilities are virtually unlimited and all can be done with simple tools and materials readily available by everyone.
Almost all the texture paints currently available cann be thinned with water. Some are ready-mixed latex formulations that come as a thick liquid or semi-paste that may be further thinned with water, while others come as powders that must be moxed withe water to make them ready for use. The liquids and semi-paste types are sold in cans, and the powdered types often come in boxes or bags of varying size.
Although most texture paints have a thick, basically uniform consistency throughout, there is one, known as sand-finish, that has sand-like granular particles added. This gives a sanded finish when it is applied, so as a rule and sand-finish paint is not separately textured after it is applied. Ordinary texture paints are "worked " or textured with various tools or implements after they are applied.
A stucco-like finish can be achieved in several ways.
One popular method is to use a wide paint brush held os that it is most flat against the wall, then pat the wet paint lightly with the trips and sides of the bristles by using a sort of flicking motion.
Another interesting and more ambitious patterned effect results when a whiskbroom or similar stiff brush is used to create swirl marks by twisting the handle back and forth half a turn while pressing the bristle ends against the surface of the soft wet paint.
For a bolder, really striking pattern, a notched trowel or a coarse steel or plastic comb can be used.