A complete review of Fairfax County's comprehensive land-use plan and a study of the need for increased multifamily housing are being asked for as part of the 1985 annual land-use plan review.

In addition, a host of controversial projects that have surfaced in recent years are among the proposed changes.

A citizens group known as the Dranesville District Council requested the total review.

"We suggest that the master plan, which was written in 1975 and was supposed to be reviewed every five years, has been rendered substantially deficient because of recent and largely unanticipated explosive growth in western Fairfax and Loudoun counties that has overwhelmed existing transportation networks," according to the council's proposal.

The comprehensive plan addresses transportation as well as land use. The two are intimately connected in Fairfax where almost every land-use issue involves transportation solutions or problems.

A proposal by the Calibre Cos. of Virginia Inc. calls for increased land to be planned for multifamily housing.

"There is relatively little multifamily residential land in Fairfax County, zoned and available for new development. If more land is made available, prices may become more competitive, and reasonably priced housing can be provided," according to the Calibre proposal.

Echoing that request is a host of other proposals for land changes that would allow construction of high density residential housing in almost every section of the county.

More than 30 applications filed focus on land in the Fairfax center area near Route 50 and I-66. Another three dozen involve land in the McLean-Great Falls area. Several along the Route 7 corridor are considered extremely controversial.

Major changes, including a 54-acre site near Old Courthouse Road south of Tysons Corner along Route 123, are proposed. Several of those call for high density housing on land now used for single family dwellings. Another proposal calls for a study of the Oakton area, an area whose residents have recently complained that they are bearing the brunt of traffic generated by Fairfax City and the bulging Tysons Corner area.

An ambitious proposal by Martin Tuck of Falls Church calls for changing the land use for the 3,000 acres now occupied by the District's Lorton prison facility in southern Fairfax "for a Reston type community."

A half-dozen proposals call for changing the plan to encourage housing for the elderly. Generally those proposals call for high-density structures. The sites are scattered across the county.

In the Fairfax center area, a number of amendment proposals are highly critical of a rezoning request now pending before the Fairfax Board of Supervisors that would allow construction of town houses on land around the Penderbrook golf course.

A dozen proposals have been submitted by the Southeast Fairfax Development Corp. for sites along Route 1. That package is part of that group's effort "to guide and aid the revitalization" of what the proposal calls "the blighted and economically distressed Route 1 corridor."

Other proposals focus on land near Metro stations that are scheduled to open in the next few years. A dozen involve land near the Dunn Loring station.

Applications involving land in the area affected by the recent court decision limiting development in the Occoquan basin have also been filed. The fate of those is not clear and lawyers representing some of those proposals were not willing to talk about the impact of that decision on their applications.

The following is a summary of applications that are expected to generate intense citizen interest:

* Hunter Mill Road -- Boston Properties, contract purchaser of 166 acres at the southeast corner of Hunter Mill Road and the Dulles Airport roads near Reston, wants the site changed from residential to commercial to permit construction of an office park. Opposed last year by residents of Wayside and Sunnybrook subdivisions because of potential increased traffic, the plan was withdrawn. The latest filing is basically the same plan.

A second application, unrelated to the Boston Properties request, has been filed for 62- and 49-acre parcels in the northwest and northeast corners of the Hunter Mill-Dulles Road interchange. The land is now planned for residential use; the applicant wants an industrial/office designation.

* Pleasant Valley Road -- Application has been filed seeking to change 820 acres on the west side of Pleasant Valley Road in the Occoquan Basin from residential, one house per five acres, to allow construction of a championship golf course and residential units at an overall density of one to two units per acre.

* Centreville Road -- Floris Associates Ltd. has asked to change 53.9 acres fronting on Centreville Road and Fox Mill Road from residential to industrial because, they said, the land is "airport oriented." Nearby tracts are I-4.

* Dolley Madison Boulevard -- A McLean lawyer has asked that Dolley Madison (Route 123) be widened to six lanes from the Central Intelligence Agency to the Beltway near Tysons.

* Route 7 at Towlson Road -- Hazelton Laboratories Inc., which sits on a 47-acre site in the northeast corner of that intersection under a special permit to operate in a residential area, wants the site changed to "light industrial" or changed to allow for expansion.

Adult Communities Total Services Inc. (ACTS), contract purchaser of a 79-acre site behind the Hazelton plant, is asking to change that parcel from single-family residential to allow for construction of a residential life care facility for the elderly.

* Woodburn and Holly Roads -- Centennial Development Corp. has asked to change a three-acre site in the southwest corner of Holly and Woodburn roads, near Fairfax Hospital, for construction of a hotel. The site currently is slated for medical-related usage.

* Route 7 and Baron Cameron Avenue -- Developer James Lewis and the landowner have formed a joint venture seeking to have 273 acres on three corners of Route 7 and Baron Cameron, the main road leading to Reston, designated for construction of a mixed-use resi- dential, retail and office development.

* Telegraph Road -- A 36.4 acre site near the fork of Old Telegraph Road and Telegraph Road is the subject of a request to change the plan for the tract to an increased density to permit town houses. The site is near other high density projects.

* Springhill Road at Old Dominion Drive -- The owners of 16 acres, including an old auto junkyard adjacent to a gas station at the intersection of Springhill and Old Dominion have asked that the land be changed to allow commercial development for 12 acres along Old Dominion, buffered by town houses on the other four acres. The land is in the middle of homes that sell from $240,000 to well above $500,000.

* Dranesville Road -- Applicant is seeking to change 16 acres next to the Loudoun line north of Herndon to town-house density because land across the line is planned for offices or townhouses. Route 7 and Lewinsville Road -- NVHomes wants to change the plan for 98 acres between Lewinsville Road and the Dulles Toll Road from residential to commerical. Springfield Business District -- Several requests for traffic studies in the business district have been filed.

* Tysons-Vienna Corridor -- Several proposals have been filed seeking changes to allow high density residential and commercial use along Route 123 between Tysons Corner and Vienna. Commercial development in a PDC category is being sought by owners of 17 acres on the north side of Old Courthouse Road north of Route 123.

Owners of two tracts along Route 123 south of commercial development and north of the Westwood Country Club are asking for changes on those sites. A change for seven acres on the west side of 123 from residential to low rise commercial office is being asked. A change is also being sought for 57 acres on the east side of 123 for high density residential in the 8-to-12 units per acre range and commercial use.

Jer-Tag Enterprises Inc. has requested changing two acres at Old Courthouse Road near 123 from residential to commercial.

* Mosscrest Subdivision -- Charles Lewis, a Mosscrest homeowner, wants to change the 17.5 acre subdivision to commercial. He said his subdivision is the only major tract in the Tysons area that has not been restudied since 1975.