Dates for pre-Olympic events were transposed in editions of Sunday's sports section. Pre-Olympic events with correct 1979 dates are as follows: national AAU track and field championships (Walnut, Calif.), June 15-17; Pan American Games (San Juan), July 1-15; Spartakiade (Moscow), July 21-Aug. 5; National Sports Festival (Colorado Springs), July 27-Aug. 1; World Cup track (Montreal), Aug. 24-26, and World University Games (Mexico City), Sept. 8-13. CAPTION: (NEW-LINE)Picture, Lenin Stadium in Moscow where, after ceremonies open the 1980 Olympics, most of the track and field championships will be held.

THE 1980 Olympic Games are likely to give a bigger boost to the humble peanut than anything Jimmy Carter's relatives have managed or mismanaged - to do.

The Olympics' main course begins more than 13 months from now - July 19-Aug. 3 - in Moscow, a city unaccustomed to catering to the culinary whims of hundreds of thousands of tourists. The winter appetizer, Feb. 12-24, will be served up in Lake Placid, N.Y., a village of 3,000 that hasn't a prayer of feeding the promised daily swarms of invaders.

Those in attendance at the recent World Ice Hockey Championships in Moscow found that game times usually conflicted with specified meal hours in their hotels. So the usual dinner consisted of peanut butter and crackers, washed down comfortably with champagne. Such rations, with beer as a viable Lake Placid alternative, loom large in the future of Olympic guests.

These could be first Olympics from which the in-person viewers will return lacking bragging rights. The "in" place will be in front of the television set, with the most prolific coverage ever guaranteed to stay-at-homes.

Most Olympic tourists will be permitted to spend only five days in Moscow and they are likely to be watching clay pigeon shooting when they would prefer the basketball final.

Only 8,000 beds have been allotted to Americans. No visitors will be given entry to Moscow without promise of one of those beds.

Treatment of tourists is hardly the main concern at the Olympics, of course. It is the athletes' comfort that comes first, the importance of bringing them to their big day primed for a peak of performance.

American track and field athletes have been competing in the Soviet Union since 1958, so many are familiar with the obstacles thrown in their path. Confused travel arrangements, inopportune practice times, inadequate facilities and strange food are some of the memories of visits to the Soviet Union.

Soviet athletes also will be under pressure to perform well for the home folks.

"The Russians have sent a mandate to all of their coaches that they are to win every gold medal," British distance star Brendan Foster reported.

"They're spending thousands on the best coaching, the best facilities, the best food," said Olympic 1,500-meter champion John Walker.

"Nothing interferes with the athlete's bid to reach his goal.He works out three times a day and is rewarded with a good home, a good job. Of all countries, the U.S.S.R. particularly will see it as a great victory to win at home."

Never to be forgotten is Boris Onischenko, the "Dishonestchenko" of the Montreal Games, who rigged his epee so it would record hits in the modern pentathlon fencing whether he scored them or not.

In the illegal world of steroids, four noted Soviet athletes made an unseemly splash in the European track and field championships at Prague in 1978. All were disqualified and suspended for 18 months, including pentathlon gold medalist Nadyezhda Tkachenko.

Even should the Soviets become angelic hosts, it will be hard for visiting athletes to convince themselves that nothing will go wrong. An athlete who couldn't reach the starting line on time in Munich will not easily await his transportation outside the Olympic Village.

"The fact that Moscow is an unknown quantity will play an important part in training and preparation," said Jimmy Carnes, the U.S. men's track coach.

"The only thing we do is prepare the athletes mentally for the differences. Travel into the country can be difficult, but I don't think the competition on the track will be any different. And we have been there before."

Athletes who have not competed in the Soviet Union are being given top priority in the selection process for the Spartakiade, the Soviet athletic festival being opened to foreign athletes for the first time and serving as an Olympic rehearsal from July 21-Aug. 5.

Only 126 Americans, including about 20 track competitors, will be permitted in the Spartakiade, and there is unusual interest, considering the Olympic portents, in making the U.S. team. This is one occasion when knowledge of the playing field figures to be most helpful.

If there is suspicion of Soviet motives and methods, there are at least a few positive aspects of Moscow's role as host. For one thing, security figures to be tight enough to rule out any repeat of the Munich tragedy. And, psychologically, it will be easier to accept Soviet dictates in that area than it was to understand the sometimes senseless orders of low-level Canadian dictators.

The Olympic Village will be more spacious and luxurious than its Montreal counterpart, and the fact that it contains rooms for church services is an example of how far the Soviets are moving to accommodate the athletes.

The possibility of another African boycott is considered remote, despite French and British rugby dealings with South Africa, by the importance the Soviets are placing on African participation. Ivan Denisov, a member of the Moscow Organizing Committee, toured Africa in March, urging the black nations not to repeat their walkout of 1976.

The problems of Chinese and Israei participation remain to be settled, although the Soviets are under strict promise to admit any nation accredited by the International Olympic Committee.

Soviet treatment of Israeli athletes during the World University Games in 1977 has not been forgotten. At that time, the Soviet packed sites in which the Israelis were playing with thugs who hooted the Israelis unmercifully.

If there is reason to expect a chilly welcome in the Soviet Union, Lake Placid offers no improvement over Siberia.

For one thing, its February weather can be numbing, with temperatures as low as 38 degrees below zero prompting widespread cases of frostbite among skiers this past winter.

Biathlon competitors found their guns inaccurate because of the cold and when they removed their gloves for steadier marksmanship, their hands froze to the barrels.

Additionally, athletes are to be housed in a $49 million, newly constructed edifice that will become a prison after the Olympics. Again, there is promise of a decline in security problems, but morale is something else.

Visiting officials competed in denouncing the Lake Placid facilities. Even Monique Berlioux, IOC's executive director, said, "The accommodations are so poor that delegations will not have to pay for them if they move somewhere else."

Many nations immediately sought - and some acquired at prolific cost - other accommodations. The Americans, however, will live in the future prison, which means American morale could be higher in Moscow than it is at home.

The Spartakiad is the focal point for multievent competition, but it is likely to be overshadowed by the World University Games in Mexico City, Sept. 2-13. The liberal eligibility requirements - graduate students 28 or younger, those who graduated in 1978 or 1979 and those entering college in September are accepted - and the altitude should combine for some remarkable entries and performances.

Men's world standards for the 100 meters, 200 meters, 400 meters and long jump established in the 1968 Mexico City Olympics are still unchallenged.

Maryland sophomore Renaldo Nehemiah, the record holder in the 110-meter high hurdles, is looking ahead to the World University Games because "it could be the place to run the ultimate time, the way those other records have stood up."

On a somewhat lesser scale, the Pan American Games will be staged in San Juan July 1-15. The United States and Cuba will provide the principal competition, with Canadian swimmers and Mexican walkers sharing some medals.

Budding U.S. stars of the future will compete in the National Sports Festival at Colorado Springs, July 27-Aug. 1, with national teams participating in archery, boxing, diving, equestrian sports, fencing, women's field hockey, figure skating, modern pentathlon, team handball and volleyball.

World championships in many sports figure to provide an excellent preview of Moscow prospects, with the U.S. hosting both the World Wrestling Championships, at San Diego, Aug. 22-31, and the World Gymnastics Championships, at Fort Worth, Dec. 3-9.

World Cup competition, featuring limited but select fields without the burden of trials, is scheduled in track and field, swimming and boxing.

The track competition is listed for Montreal, Aug. 24-26, with the leading American in each event at the National AAU Championships (Walnut, Calif., June 15-17) representing the U.S. There will be three European entries, one each from Africa, Asia and Oceania, and a second Western Hemisphere team selected from outside the United States.

The FINA Cup in swimming will be contested in Tokyo, Sept. 1-3, and it will offer the last big pre-Olympic confrontation between the United States and East Germany, since this summer's prospective dual meet was canceled.

A World Boxing Cup will be held in New York, Oct. 8-18, with many Iron Curtain entries expected to test the young U.S. prospects.

The Olympics are more than a year away, but the athletes' push for glory already has started. In many cases, it has been under way for a lifetime.