The Redskins have offered new contracts for the 1980 season to all their players except tight end Jean Fugett and offensive tackle Jim Harlan.

General Manager Bobby Beathard said yesterday he was tryig to reach Fugett and that they had not talked since the end of the season, when it was reported Fugett would not be offered a new contract. This eould make him free to negotiate with other clubs without compensation being due the Redskins.

Beathard said Harlan has decided not to try to play next season. The offensive tackle suffered a neck injury and was placed on injured reserve. Beathard said the second-year player, who was signed as a free agent from Howard Payne University in 1978, has recovered.

Fugett, 28, an eight-season veteran, played out the option year on his contract. He did not catch a pass in the last 10 games of the 1979 season.

Fugett was replaced as a starter by Don Warren and played infrequently in the last part of the season after suffering a knee injury.

Fugett was signed in 1976 by the Redskins as a free agent after playing out his option at Dallas. He was a 13th-round draft choice by the Cowboys, from Amherst College, in 1972.

Fugett caught 10 passes in 1979 for an average of 12.8 yards, including three touchdowns. His best year with Dallas was 1975, when he caught 38 passes, including three touchdowns. His best season with the Redskins was 1977, when he caught 36 passes, including five for touchdowns, and was selected to play in the Pro Bowl.

National Football League clubs must make qualifying offers to veterans by Friday or they will become free agent. As of Thursday there were 140 veterans, about the same as last year, who either played out the option years of their contracts or theirclubs did not exercise options to keep them.

Once a player receives a qualifying offer from his old club he can shop new clubs for better contracts. The old club has seven days to match the offer of a new club.

If the old club does not match such an offer, it receives from a new club as compensation a draft choice or choices, based on the player's new salary.

If a player does not receive an offer from a new club by April 15, but has received a qualifying offer, he can choose between accepting the old club's qualifying offer or an automatic 10 percent raise over his 1979 salary.

In the past several years there has been little movement of free agents within the league, much to the concern of the NFL Players Association.

According to Ed Garvey, executive director of the association, only Norm Thompson of the Baltimore Colts changed teams as a free agent requiring compensation. Garvey said only about 10 or 15 players, who did not receive qualifying offers, have changed clubs.

"It's been a disaster," said Garvey of the agreement with the owners concerning free agents, "The owners got together and decided not to bid on free agents. It's a case of 28 monopolists getting together to control the market."

St. Louis quarterback Jim Hart is one of several Cardinals who will become free agents Friday. The club has made him a qualifying offer and he likely will return next year.

"At my age and with compensation rule for someone in my bracket, it's almost impossible to make a move," said Hart.

Among other Cardinals who will become free agents are center Tom Banks and defensive tackle Charlie Davis. Both have been made offers.

Reserve defensive backs Dick Conn and Mark Washington of the New England Patriots have not been given offers.

San Francisco had tendered an offer to O. J. Simpson, but only to keep rights to him if he decides to come out of his announced retirement next season.