Nike Inc., the nation's top athletic shoe manufacturer, was barred from "authorizing, permitting or causing" any professional athlete to "doctor" another maker's shoes with the Nike "swoosh-strips" trademark.

The order by Judge Dudley Bonsal in U.S. District Court in Manhattan applied specifically to shoes made by Brooks Shoe Manufacturing Company of Hanover, Pa. The court papers indicated that other manufacturers had their shoes similarily doctored.

During 1980, the order said, Nike contracted with 72 major league baseball players and 115 football players.

The judge said there was evidence that Washinton Redskin place-kicker Mark Moseley doctored a Spot Bilt shoe with the Nike emblem during last football season. Moseley wore a Nike on his other foot.

Brooks claimed that Nike, with headquarters in Beavergown, Ore., placed its trademark on shoes made by Brooks in violation of antitrust laws and laws governing designation of origin and description.

Brooks alleged Nike's "illegal competition" cost it $10 million. It is asking $30 million in damages.

Bonsal's order referred to the admitting doctoring of shoes at the 1980 Super Bowl by two of the players. Dennis Harrah and Larry Brown. "Both players wore shoes not of Nike manufacture to which the Nike trademark symbol had been affixed," the judge said.

Baseball players who conceded they wore shoes of other manufacturers doctored with the Nike logo during the 1980 season were Mike Schmidt, Bob Boone and Del Unser of the champion Philadelphia Phillies.

Nike contended it broke no law because the doctoring was done without its participation, knowledge or approval.

"The record indicates, however," the judge said, "that Nike knew of Schmidt's doctored shoes, since three of its employees observed Schmidt's doctored shoes.