Bob Griese, one of the National Football League's top quarterbacks during the 1970s, announced his retirement from the Miami Dolphins today because of a shoulder ailment.

"If this would have happened after only a year or two, then there would have been some sadness. But I've had 14 years and they're been 14 good years," said Giese, accompanied by club owner Joe Robbie at a press conference.

"I've been in a lot of big games, and I've won the big one," Griese said, alluding to the club's two Super Bowl victories. "I can't help but feel some sorrow for some players around the league who never get a chance to experience anything like that."

Griese, 36, had said last April that Dr. Frank Jobe, a Los Angeles orthopedic surgeon, informed him the only way to correct the shoulder problem was through surgery.

But surgery would have required Griese to sit out a year, a prospect that was out of the question, he said.

Griese said Jobe told him some dislocation and tears occurred when the shoulder was injured in a game at Balimore Oct. 5.

Robbie said Griese has one year remaining on his $400,000-a-year contract and will continue in the club's employ as an assistant to Shula. Griese also will perform public relations work for the Dolphins, Robbie said.

Dolphin Coach Don Shula was in Los Angeles testifying in the Oakland Raiders-NFL lawsuit, and missed the retirement of the quarterback he called "the most unselfish player I've ever been around."